2L5S

Solution structure of the extracellular domain of the TGF-beta type I receptor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The TbetaR-I Pre-Helix Extension Is Structurally Ordered in the Unbound Form and Its Flanking Prolines Are Essential for Binding

Zuniga, J.E.Ilangovan, U.Mahlawat, P.Hinck, C.S.Huang, T.Groppe, J.C.McEwen, D.G.Hinck, A.P.

(2011) J.Mol.Biol. 412: 601-618

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.07.046

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transforming growth factor β isoforms (TGF-β) are among the most recently evolved members of a signaling superfamily with more than 30 members. TGF-β play vital roles in regulating cellular growth and differentiation, and they signal through a highly ...

    Transforming growth factor β isoforms (TGF-β) are among the most recently evolved members of a signaling superfamily with more than 30 members. TGF-β play vital roles in regulating cellular growth and differentiation, and they signal through a highly restricted subset of receptors known as TGF-β type I receptor (TβR-I) and TGF-β type II receptor (TβR-II). TGF-β's specificity for TβR-I has been proposed to arise from its pre-helix extension, a five-residue loop that binds in the cleft between TGF-β and TβR-II. The structure and backbone dynamics of the unbound form of the TβR-I extracellular domain were determined using NMR to investigate the extension's role in binding. This showed that the unbound form is highly similar to the bound form in terms of both the β-strand framework that defines the three-finger toxin fold and the extension and its characteristic cis-Ile54-Pro55 peptide bond. The NMR data further showed that the extension and two flanking 3(10) helices are rigid on the nanosecond-to-picosecond timescale. The functional significance of several residues within the extension was investigated by binding studies and reporter gene assays in cultured epithelial cells. These demonstrated that the pre-helix extension is essential for binding, with Pro55 and Pro59 each playing a major role. These findings suggest that the pre-helix extension and its flanking prolines evolved to endow the TGF-β signaling complex with its unique specificity, departing from the ancestral promiscuity of the bone morphogenetic protein subfamily, where the binding interface of the type I receptor is highly flexible.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
TGF-beta receptor type-1
A
88Homo sapiensGene Names: TGFBR1 (ALK5, SKR4)
EC: 2.7.11.30
Find proteins for P36897 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TGFBR1
Go to UniProtKB:  P36897
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
A
NON-POLYMERH2 N

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2L5S Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-10-26
    Type: Initial release