2KIR

Solution structure of a designer toxin, mokatoxin-1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A designer ligand specific for Kv1.3 channels from a scorpion neurotoxin-based library.

Takacs, Z.Toups, M.Kollewe, A.Johnson, E.Cuello, L.G.Driessens, G.Biancalana, M.Koide, A.Ponte, C.G.Perozo, E.Gajewski, T.F.Suarez-Kurtz, G.Koide, S.Goldstein, S.A.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 22211-22216

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0910123106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2KIR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Venomous animals immobilize prey using protein toxins that act on ion channels and other targets of biological importance. Broad use of toxins for biomedical research, diagnosis, and therapy has been limited by inadequate target discrimination, for example, among ion channel subtypes ...

    Venomous animals immobilize prey using protein toxins that act on ion channels and other targets of biological importance. Broad use of toxins for biomedical research, diagnosis, and therapy has been limited by inadequate target discrimination, for example, among ion channel subtypes. Here, a synthetic toxin is produced by a new strategy to be specific for human Kv1.3 channels, critical regulators of immune T cells. A phage display library of 11,200 de novo proteins is designed using the alpha-KTx scaffold of 31 scorpion toxin sequences known or predicted to bind to potassium channels. Mokatoxin-1 (moka1) is isolated by affinity selection on purified target. Moka1 blocks Kv1.3 at nanomolar levels that do not inhibit Kv1.1, Kv1.2, or KCa1.1. As a result, moka1 suppresses CD3/28-induced cytokine secretion by T cells without cross-reactive gastrointestinal hyperactivity. The 3D structure of moka1 rationalizes its specificity and validates the engineering approach, revealing a unique interaction surface supported on an alpha-KTx scaffold. This scaffold-based/target-biased strategy overcomes many obstacles to production of selective toxins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pediatrics and Institute of Molecular Pediatric Sciences, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Designer toxinA34synthetic constructMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 2KIR Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-12-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance