2KFT

NMR Solution structure of the first PHD finger domain of human Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE) in complex with Histone H3(1-20Cys) Peptide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Site-Specific Recognition of Histone H3 by the PHD Finger of Human Autoimmune Regulator.

Chakravarty, S.Zeng, L.Zhou, M.M.

(2009) Structure 17: 670-679

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2009.02.017

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human autoimmune regulator (AIRE) functions to control thymic expression of tissue-specific antigens via sequence-specific histone H3 recognition by its plant homeodomain (PHD) finger. Mutations in the AIRE PHD finger have been linked to autoimmune p ...

    Human autoimmune regulator (AIRE) functions to control thymic expression of tissue-specific antigens via sequence-specific histone H3 recognition by its plant homeodomain (PHD) finger. Mutations in the AIRE PHD finger have been linked to autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED). Here we report the three-dimensional solution structure of the first PHD finger of human AIRE bound to a histone H3 peptide. The structure reveals a detailed network of interactions between the protein and the amino-terminal residues of histone H3, and particularly key electrostatic interactions of a conserved aspartic acid 297 in AIRE with the unmodified lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4). NMR binding study with H3 peptides carrying known posttranslational modifications flanking H3K4 confirms that transcriptional regulation by AIRE through its interactions with histone H3 is confined to the first N-terminal eight residues in H3. Our study offers a molecular explanation for the APECED mutations and helps define a subclass of the PHD finger family proteins that recognize histone H3 in a sequence-specific manner.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural and Chemical Biology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York University, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Autoimmune regulator
A
56Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AIRE (APECED)
Find proteins for O43918 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AIRE
Go to UniProtKB:  O43918
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H3
B
21N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2KFT Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance