Solution Structure of Human Supervillin Headpiece

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 22 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


How to arm a supervillin: designing F-actin binding activity into supervillin headpiece.

Brown, J.W.Vardar-Ulu, D.McKnight, C.J.

(2009) J Mol Biol 393: 608-618

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2009.08.018
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2K6M, 2K6N

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Villin-type headpiece domains are compact motifs that have been used extensively as model systems for protein folding. Although the majority of headpiece domains bind actin, there are some that lack this activity. Here, we present the first NMR solution structure and (15)N-relaxation analysis of a villin-type headpiece domain natively devoid of F-actin binding activity, that of supervillin headpiece (SVHP). The structure was found to be similar to that of other headpiece domains that bind F-actin. Our NMR analysis demonstrates that SVHP lacks a conformationally flexible region (V-loop) present in all other villin-type headpiece domains and which is essential to the phosphoryl regulation of dematin headpiece. In comparing the electrostatic surface potential map of SVHP to that of other villin-type headpiece domains with significant affinity for F-actin, we identified a positive surface potential conserved among headpiece domains that bind F-actin but absent from SVHP. A single point mutation (L38K) in SVHP, which creates a similar positive surface potential, endowed SVHP with specific affinity for F-actin that is within an order of magnitude of the tightest binding headpiece domains. We propose that this effect is likely conferred by a specific buried salt bridge between headpiece and actin. As no high-resolution structural information exists for the villin-type headpiece F-actin complex, our results demonstrate that through positive mutagenesis, it is possible to design binding activity into homologous proteins without structural information of the counterpart's binding surface.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, 700 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SupervillinA [auth S]67Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SVIL
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O95425 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O95425 
Go to UniProtKB:  O95425
PHAROS:  O95425
GTEx:  ENSG00000197321 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO95425
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 22 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2022-03-16
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations