Solution structure of the calponin homology (CH) domain from the smoothelin-like 1 protein: a unique apocalmodulin-binding mode and the possible role of the C-terminal type-2 CH-domain in smooth muscle relaxation.Ishida, H., Borman, M.A., Ostrander, J., Vogel, H.J., MacDonald, J.A.
(2008) J Biol Chem 283: 20569-20578
- PubMed: 18477568
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M800627200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The SMTNL1 protein contains a single type-2 calponin homology (CH) domain at its C terminus that shares sequence identity with the smoothelin family of smooth muscle-specific proteins. In contrast to the smoothelins, SMTNL1 does not associate with F-acti ...
The SMTNL1 protein contains a single type-2 calponin homology (CH) domain at its C terminus that shares sequence identity with the smoothelin family of smooth muscle-specific proteins. In contrast to the smoothelins, SMTNL1 does not associate with F-actin in vitro, and its specific role in smooth muscle remains unclear. In addition, the biological function of the C-terminal CH-domains found in the smoothelin proteins is also poorly understood. In this work, we have therefore determined the solution structure of the CH-domain of mouse SMTNL1 (SMTNL1-CH; residues 346-459). The secondary structure and the overall fold for the C-terminal type-2 CH-domain is very similar to that of other CH-domains. However, two clusters of basic residues form a unique surface structure that is characteristic of SMTNL1-CH. Moreover, the protein has an extended C-terminal alpha-helix, which contains a calmodulin (CaM)-binding IQ-motif, that is also a distinct feature of the smoothelins. We have characterized the binding of apo-CaM to SMTNL1-CH through its IQ-motif by isothermal titration calorimetry and NMR chemical shift perturbation studies. In addition, we have used the HADDOCK protein-protein docking approach to construct a model for the complex of apo-CaM and SMTNL1-CH. The model revealed a close interaction of SMTNL1-CH with the two Ca(2+) binding loop regions of the C-terminal domain of apo-CaM; this mode of apo-CaM binding is distinct from previously reported interactions of apo-CaM with IQ-motifs. Finally, we comment on the putative role of the CH-domain in the biological function of SMTNL1.
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.