2K11

Solution structure of human pancreatic ribonuclease


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The solution structure and dynamics of human pancreatic ribonuclease determined by NMR spectroscopy provide insight into its remarkable biological activities and inhibition.

Kover, K.E.Bruix, M.Santoro, J.Batta, G.Laurents, D.V.Rico, M.

(2008) J.Mol.Biol. 379: 953-965

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.04.042

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human pancreatic ribonuclease (RNase 1) is expressed in many tissues; has several important enzymatic and biological activities, including efficient cleavage of single-stranded RNA, double-stranded RNA and double-stranded RNA-DNA hybrids, digestion o ...

    Human pancreatic ribonuclease (RNase 1) is expressed in many tissues; has several important enzymatic and biological activities, including efficient cleavage of single-stranded RNA, double-stranded RNA and double-stranded RNA-DNA hybrids, digestion of dietary RNA, regulation of vascular homeostasis, inactivation of the HIV, activation of immature dendritic cells and induction of cytokine production; and furthermore shows potential as an anti-tumor agent. The solution structure and dynamics of uncomplexed, wild-type RNase 1 have been determined by NMR spectroscopy methods to better understand these activities. The family of 20 structures determined on the basis of 6115 unambiguous nuclear Overhauser enhancements is well resolved (pairwise backbone RMSD=1.07 A) and has the classic RNase A type of tertiary structure. Important structural differences compared with previously determined crystal structures of RNase 1 variants or inhibitor-bound complexes are observed in the conformation of loop regions and side chains implicated in the enzymatic as well as biological activities and binding to the cytoplasmic RNase inhibitor. Multiple side chain conformations observed for key surface residues are proposed to be crucial for membrane binding as well as translocation and efficient RNA hydrolysis. (15)N-(1)H relaxation measurements interpreted with the standard and our extended Lipari-Szabo formalism reveal rigid regions and identify more dynamic loop regions. Some of the most dynamic areas are key for binding to the cytoplasmic RNase inhibitor. This finding and the important differences observed between the structure in solution and that bound to the inhibitor are indications that RNase 1 to inhibitor binding can be better described by the "induced fit" model rather than the rigid "lock-into-key" mechanism. Translational diffusion measurements reveal that RNase 1 is predominantly dimeric above 1 mM concentration; the possible implications of this dimeric state for the remarkable biological properties of RNase 1 are discussed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Debrecen, 4010 Debrecen, Hungary.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Pancreatic Ribonuclease
A
127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RNASE1 (RIB1, RNS1)
EC: 3.1.27.5
Find proteins for P07998 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RNASE1
Go to UniProtKB:  P07998
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2K11 Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-06-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance