2JWW

Calcium-free rat alpha-parvalbumin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Solution structure of Ca2+-free rat alpha-parvalbumin

Henzl, M.T.Tanner, J.J.

(2008) Protein Sci. 17: 431-438

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.073318308

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mammals express two parvalbumins-an alpha isoform and a beta isoform. In rat, the alpha-parvalbumin (alpha-PV) exhibits superior divalent ion affinity. For example, the standard free energies for Ca2+ binding differ by 5.5 kcal/mol in 0.15 M KCl (pH ...

    Mammals express two parvalbumins-an alpha isoform and a beta isoform. In rat, the alpha-parvalbumin (alpha-PV) exhibits superior divalent ion affinity. For example, the standard free energies for Ca2+ binding differ by 5.5 kcal/mol in 0.15 M KCl (pH 7.4). High-resolution structures of the Ca2+-bound proteins provide little insight into this disparity, prompting a structural analysis of the apo-proteins. A recent analysis of rat beta-PV suggested that Ca2+ removal provokes substantial conformational changes-reorientation of the C, D, and E helices; reorganization of the hydrophobic core; reduced interdomain contact; and remodeling of the AB domain. The energetic penalty attendant to reversing these changes, it was suggested, could contribute to the attenuated divalent ion-binding signature of that protein. That hypothesis is supported by data presented herein, describing the solution structure and peptide backbone dynamics of Ca2+-free rat alpha-PV. In marked contrast to rat beta-PV, the apo- and Ca2+-loaded forms of the rat alpha isoform are quite similar. Significant structural differences appear to be confined to the loop regions of the molecule. This finding implies that the alpha-PV isoform enjoys elevated divalent ion affinity because the metal ion-binding events do not require major structural rearrangement and the concomitant sacrifice of binding energy.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA. henzlm@missouri.edu




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Parvalbumin alpha
A
109Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Pvalb (Pva)
Find proteins for P02625 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P02625
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2JWW Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-08-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance