Domain C of human PARP-1

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Domain C of human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 is important for enzyme activity and contains a novel zinc-ribbon motif.

Tao, Z.Gao, P.Hoffman, D.W.Liu, H.W.

(2008) Biochemistry 47: 5804-5813

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi800018a
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a multimodular nuclear protein that participates in many fundamental cellular activities. Stimulated by binding to nicked DNA, PARP-1 catalyzes poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of the acceptor proteins using NAD (+) as a substrate. In this work, NMR methods were used to determine the solution structure of human PARP-1 protein. Domain C was found to contain a zinc-binding motif of three antiparallel beta-strands with four conserved cysteines positioned to coordinate the metal ligand, in addition to a helical region. The zinc-binding motif is structurally reminiscent of the "zinc-ribbon" fold, but with a novel spacing between the conserved cysteines (CX2CX12CX 9C). Domain C alone does not appear to bind to DNA. Interestingly, domain C is essential for PARP-1 activity, since a mixture containing nicked DNA and the PARP-1 ABDEF domains has only basal enzymatic activity, while the addition of domain C to the mixture initiated NAD (+) hydrolysis and the formation of poly(ADP-ribose), as detected by an NMR-based assay and autoradiography. The structural model for domain C in solution provides an important framework for further studies aimed at improving our understanding of how the various domains within the complex PARP-1 enzyme play their respective roles in regulating the enzyme activity when cells are under conditions of genotoxic stress.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1126Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P09874 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09874 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09874
PHAROS:  P09874
GTEx:  ENSG00000143799 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP09874
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]ZINC ION
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 10 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-05-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2013-05-01
    Changes: Other