2JIU

Crystal structure of EGFR kinase domain T790M mutation in complex with AEE788


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The T790M Mutation in Egfr Kinase Causes Drug Resistance by Increasing the Affinity for ATP.

Yun, C.-H.Mengwasser, K.E.Toms, A.V.Woo, M.S.Greulich, H.Wong, K.-K.Meyerson, M.Eck, M.J.

(2008) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 105: 2070

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0709662105
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  2JIT, 2JIV

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lung cancers caused by activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are initially responsive to small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but the efficacy of these agents is often limited because of the emergence of dru ...

    Lung cancers caused by activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are initially responsive to small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but the efficacy of these agents is often limited because of the emergence of drug resistance conferred by a second mutation, T790M. Threonine 790 is the "gatekeeper" residue, an important determinant of inhibitor specificity in the ATP binding pocket. The T790M mutation has been thought to cause resistance by sterically blocking binding of TKIs such as gefitinib and erlotinib, but this explanation is difficult to reconcile with the fact that it remains sensitive to structurally similar irreversible inhibitors. Here, we show by using a direct binding assay that T790M mutants retain low-nanomolar affinity for gefitinib. Furthermore, we show that the T790M mutation activates WT EGFR and that introduction of the T790M mutation increases the ATP affinity of the oncogenic L858R mutant by more than an order of magnitude. The increased ATP affinity is the primary mechanism by which the T790M mutation confers drug resistance. Crystallographic analysis of the T790M mutant shows how it can adapt to accommodate tight binding of diverse inhibitors, including the irreversible inhibitor HKI-272, and also suggests a structural mechanism for catalytic activation. We conclude that the T790M mutation is a "generic" resistance mutation that will reduce the potency of any ATP-competitive kinase inhibitor and that irreversible inhibitors overcome this resistance simply through covalent binding, not as a result of an alternative binding mode.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR
A, B
328Homo sapiensGene Names: EGFR (ERBB, ERBB1, HER1)
EC: 2.7.10.1
Find proteins for P00533 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: EGFR
Go to UniProtKB:  P00533
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AEE
Query on AEE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
6-{4-[(4-ETHYLPIPERAZIN-1-YL)METHYL]PHENYL}-N-[(1R)-1-PHENYLETHYL]-7H-PYRROLO[2,3-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-AMINE
C27 H32 N6
OONFNUWBHFSNBT-HXUWFJFHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
AEEKd: 1.1 - 27.6 nM (99) BINDINGDB
AEEIC50: 2 nM (99) BINDINGDB
AEEKd: 27.6 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 48.405α = 90.00
b = 88.643β = 90.00
c = 164.867γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-01-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-07
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance