2IW5

Structural Basis for CoREST-Dependent Demethylation of Nucleosomes by the Human LSD1 Histone Demethylase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Basis for Corest-Dependent Demethylation of Nucleosomes by the Human Lsd1 Histone Demethylase

Yang, M.Gocke, C.B.Luo, X.Borek, D.Tomchick, D.R.Machius, M.Otwinowski, Z.Yu, H.

(2006) Mol Cell 23: 377

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2006.07.012
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Histone methylation regulates diverse chromatin-templated processes, including transcription. Many transcriptional corepressor complexes contain lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) and CoREST that collaborate to demethylate mono- and dimethylated H3 ...

    Histone methylation regulates diverse chromatin-templated processes, including transcription. Many transcriptional corepressor complexes contain lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) and CoREST that collaborate to demethylate mono- and dimethylated H3-K4 of nucleosomes. Here, we report the crystal structure of the LSD1-CoREST complex. LSD1-CoREST forms an elongated structure with a long stalk connecting the catalytic domain of LSD1 and the CoREST SANT2 domain. LSD1 recognizes a large segment of the H3 tail through a deep, negatively charged pocket at the active site and possibly a shallow groove on its surface. CoREST SANT2 interacts with DNA. Disruption of the SANT2-DNA interaction diminishes CoREST-dependent demethylation of nucleosomes by LSD1. The shape and dimension of LSD1-CoREST suggest its bivalent binding to nucleosomes, allowing efficient H3-K4 demethylation. This spatially separated, multivalent nucleosome binding mode may apply to other chromatin-modifying enzymes that generally contain multiple nucleosome binding modules.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
LYSINE-SPECIFIC HISTONE DEMETHYLASE 1A666Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KDM1AAOF2KDM1KIAA0601LSD1
EC: 1 (PDB Primary Data), 1.14.99.66 (UniProt)
Find proteins for O60341 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O60341 
Go to UniProtKB:  O60341
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  O60341
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
REST COREPRESSOR 1B235Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RCOR1KIAA0071RCOR
Find proteins for Q9UKL0 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9UKL0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UKL0
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9UKL0
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NH4
Query on NH4

Download CCD File 
A
AMMONIUM ION
H4 N
QGZKDVFQNNGYKY-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.204 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 120.354α = 90
b = 178.222β = 90
c = 234.932γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
SHELXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-08-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2019-01-30
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation
  • Version 1.3: 2019-02-06
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation