2IQ0

Crystal Structure of Aldose Reductase complexed with Hexanoic Acid


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and thermodynamic studies of simple aldose reductase-inhibitor complexes.

Brownlee, J.M.Carlson, E.Milne, A.C.Pape, E.Harrison, D.H.

(2006) Bioorg Chem 34: 424-444

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2006.09.004
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The competitive inhibition constants of series of inhibitors related to phenylacetic acid against both wild-type and the doubly mutanted C298A/W219Y aldose reductase have been measured. Van't Hoff analysis shows that these acids bind with an enthalpy ...

    The competitive inhibition constants of series of inhibitors related to phenylacetic acid against both wild-type and the doubly mutanted C298A/W219Y aldose reductase have been measured. Van't Hoff analysis shows that these acids bind with an enthalpy near -6.8 kcal/mol derived from the electrostatic interactions, while the 100-fold differences in binding affinity appear to be largely due to entropic factors that result from differences in conformational freedom in the unbound state. These temperature studies also point out the difference between substrate and inhibitor binding. X-ray crystallographic analysis of a few of these inhibitor complexes both confirms the importance of a previously described anion binding site and reveals the hydrophobic nature of the primary binding site and its general plasticity. Based on these results, N-glycylthiosuccinimides were synthesized to demonstrate their potential in studies that probe distal binding sites. Reduced alpha-lipoic acid, an anti-oxidant and therapeutic for diabetic complications, was shown to bind aldose reductase with a binding constant of 1 microM.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wiscosin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aldose reductase
A
315Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AKR1B1ALDR1ALR2
EC: 1.1.1.21 (PDB Primary Data), 1.1.1.300 (UniProt), 1.1.1.372 (UniProt), 1.1.1.54 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P15121 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P15121
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P15121
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download CCD File 
A
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
6NA
Query on 6NA

Download CCD File 
A
HEXANOIC ACID
C6 H12 O2
FUZZWVXGSFPDMH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
6NAKi:  68600   nM  BindingDB
6NAKi:  68600   nM  Binding MOAD
6NAIC50:  68200   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.988α = 90
b = 66.984β = 90
c = 91.935γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
d*TREKdata reduction
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-11-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description