2IDJ

Crystal Structure of Rat Glycine N-Methyltransferase Apoprotein, Monoclinic Form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

5-methyltetrahydrofolate is bound in intersubunit areas of rat liver folate-binding protein glycine N-methyltransferase.

Luka, Z.Pakhomova, S.Loukachevitch, L.V.Egli, M.Newcomer, M.E.Wagner, C.

(2007) J.Biol.Chem. 282: 4069-4075

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M610384200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) is a key regulatory enzyme in methyl group metabolism. It is abundant in the liver, where it uses excess S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) to methylate glycine to N-methylglycine (sarcosine) and produces S-adenosylhomoc ...

    Glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) is a key regulatory enzyme in methyl group metabolism. It is abundant in the liver, where it uses excess S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) to methylate glycine to N-methylglycine (sarcosine) and produces S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy), thereby controlling the methylating potential of the cell. GNMT also links utilization of preformed methyl groups, in the form of methionine, to their de novo synthesis, because it is inhibited by a specific form of folate, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate. Although the structure of the enzyme has been elucidated by x-ray crystallography of the apoenzyme and in the presence of the substrate, the location of the folate inhibitor in the tetrameric structure has not been identified. We report here for the first time the crystal structure of rat GNMT complexed with 5-methyltetrahydrofolate. In the GNMT-folate complex, two folate binding sites were located in the intersubunit areas of the tetramer. Each folate binding site is formed primarily by two 1-7 N-terminal regions of one pair of subunits and two 205-218 regions of the other pair of subunits. Both the pteridine and p-aminobenzoyl rings are located in the hydrophobic cavities formed by Tyr5, Leu207, and Met215 residues of all subunits. Binding experiments in solution also confirm that one GNMT tetramer binds two folate molecules. For the enzymatic reaction to take place, the N-terminal fragments of GNMT must have a significant degree of conformational freedom to provide access to the active sites. The presence of the folate in this position provides a mechanism for its inhibition.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glycine N-methyltransferase
A, B, C, D
292Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Gnmt
EC: 2.1.1.20
Find proteins for P13255 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P13255
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, C
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.35 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.272 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.869α = 90.00
b = 85.223β = 91.40
c = 131.861γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
SERGUIdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
MAR345data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description