2IC4

Solution structure of the His402 allotype of the Factor H SCR6-SCR7-SCR8 fragment


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION SCATTERING

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Associative and Structural Properties of the Region of Complement Factor H Encompassing the Tyr402His Disease-related Polymorphism and its Interactions with Heparin.

Fernando, A.N.Furtado, P.B.Clark, S.J.Gilbert, H.E.Day, A.J.Sim, R.B.Perkins, S.J.

(2007) J.Mol.Biol. 368: 564-581

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2007.02.038

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Factor H (FH) is a major complement control protein in serum. The seventh short complement regulator (SCR-7) domain of the 20 in FH is associated with age-related macular degeneration through a Tyr402His polymorphism. The recombinant SCR-6/8 domains ...

    Factor H (FH) is a major complement control protein in serum. The seventh short complement regulator (SCR-7) domain of the 20 in FH is associated with age-related macular degeneration through a Tyr402His polymorphism. The recombinant SCR-6/8 domains containing either His402 or Tyr402 and their complexes with a heparin decasaccharide were studied by analytical ultracentrifugation and X-ray scattering. The sedimentation coefficient is concentration dependent, giving a value of 2.0 S at zero concentration and a frictional ratio f/f(o) of 1.2 for both allotypes. The His402 allotype showed a slightly greater self-association than the Tyr402 allotype, and small amounts of dimeric SCR-6/8 were found for both allotypes in 50 mM, 137 mM and 250 mM NaCl buffers. Sedimentation equilibrium data were interpreted in terms of a monomer-dimer equilibrium with a dissociation constant of 40 microM for the His402 form. The Guinier radius of gyration R(G) of 3.1-3.3 nm and the R(G)/R(O) ratio of 2.0-2.1 showed that SCR-6/8 is relatively extended in solution. The distance distribution function P(r) showed a maximum dimension of 10 nm, which is less than the length expected for a linear domain arrangement. The constrained scattering and sedimentation modelling of FH SCR-6/8 showed that bent SCR arrangements fit the data better than linear arrangements. Previously identified heparin-binding residues were exposed on the outside curvature of this bent domain structure. Heparin caused the formation of a more linear structure, possibly by binding to residues in the linker. It was concluded that the His402 allotype may self-associate more readily than the Tyr402 allotype, SCR-6/8 is partly responsible for the folded-back structure of intact FH, and SCR-6/8 changes conformation upon heparin binding.


    Related Citations: 
    • Folded-back Solution Structure of Monomeric Factor H of Human Complement by Synchrotron X-ray and Neutron Scattering, Analytical Ultracentrifugation and Constrained Molecular Modelling
      Aslam, M.,Perkins, S.J.
      (2001) J.Mol.Biol. 309: 1117


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Complement factor H
A
187Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CFH (HF, HF1, HF2)
Find proteins for P08603 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CFH
Go to UniProtKB:  P08603
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION SCATTERING
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCTPLphasing
GNOMphasing
GNOMmodel building
SCTPL7model building
Insight IImodel building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-04-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description