2I65

Structural Basis for the Mechanistic Understanding Human CD38 Controlled Multiple Catalysis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for the mechanistic understanding of human CD38-controlled multiple catalysis.

Liu, Q.Kriksunov, I.A.Graeff, R.Munshi, C.Lee, H.C.Hao, Q.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 32861-32869

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M606365200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The enzymatic cleavage of the nicotinamide-glycosidic bond on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) has been proposed to go through an oxocarbenium ion-like transition state. Because of the instability of the ionic intermediate, there has been n ...

    The enzymatic cleavage of the nicotinamide-glycosidic bond on nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) has been proposed to go through an oxocarbenium ion-like transition state. Because of the instability of the ionic intermediate, there has been no structural report on such a transient reactive species. Human CD38 is an ectoenzyme that can use NAD(+) to synthesize two calcium-mobilizing molecules. By using NAD(+) and a surrogate substrate, NGD(+), we captured and determined crystal structures of the enzyme complexed with an intermediate, a substrate, and a product along the reaction pathway. Our results showed that the intermediate is stabilized by polar interactions with the catalytic residue Glu(226) rather than by a covalent linkage. The polar interactions between Glu(226) and the substrate 2',3'-OH groups are essential for initiating catalysis. Ser(193) was demonstrated to have a regulative role during catalysis and is likely to be involved in intermediate stabilization. In addition, a product inhibition effect by ADP-ribose (through the reorientation of the product) or GDP-ribose (through the formation of a covalently linked GDP-ribose dimer) was observed. These structural data provide insights into the understanding of multiple catalysis and clues for drug design.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Macromolecular Diffraction Facility at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (MacCHESS), Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ADP-ribosyl cyclase 1
A, B
262Homo sapiensMutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: CD38
EC: 3.2.2.6
Find proteins for P28907 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CD38
Go to UniProtKB:  P28907
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 41.451α = 108.76
b = 50.715β = 92.01
c = 65.200γ = 96.38
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-09-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance