2I0D

Crystal structure of AD-81 complexed with wild type HIV-1 protease


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Discovery of HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors with Picomolar Affinities Incorporating N-Aryl-oxazolidinone-5-carboxamides as Novel P2 Ligands.

Ali, A.Reddy, G.S.Cao, H.Anjum, S.G.Nalam, M.N.Schiffer, C.A.Rana, T.M.

(2006) J.Med.Chem. 49: 7342-7356

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm060666p
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Here, we describe the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating N-phenyloxazolidinone-5-carboxamides into the (hydroxyethylamino)sulfonamide scaffold as P2 ligands. Series of inhibitors with variati ...

    Here, we describe the design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel HIV-1 protease inhibitors incorporating N-phenyloxazolidinone-5-carboxamides into the (hydroxyethylamino)sulfonamide scaffold as P2 ligands. Series of inhibitors with variations at the P2 phenyloxazolidinone and the P2' phenylsulfonamide moieties were synthesized. Compounds with the (S)-enantiomer of substituted phenyloxazolidinones at P2 show highly potent inhibitory activities against HIV-1 protease. The inhibitors possessing 3-acetyl, 4-acetyl, and 3-trifluoromethyl groups at the phenyl ring of the oxazolidinone fragment are the most potent in each series, with K(i) values in the low picomolar (pM) range. The electron-donating groups 4-methoxy and 1,3-dioxolane are preferred at P2' phenyl ring, as compounds with other substitutions show lower binding affinities. Attempts to replace the isobutyl group at P1' with small cyclic moieties caused significant loss of affinities in the resulting compounds. Crystal structure analysis of the two most potent inhibitors in complex with the HIV-1 protease provided valuable information on the interactions between the inhibitor and the protease enzyme. In both inhibitor - enzyme complexes, the carbonyl group of the oxazolidinone ring makes hydrogenbond interactions with relatively conserved Asp29 residue of the protease. Potent inhibitors from each series incorporating various phenyloxazolidinone based P2 ligands were selected and their activities against a panel of multidrug-resistant (MDR) protease variants were determined. Interestingly, the most potent protease inhibitor starts out with extremely tight affinity for the wild-type enzyme (K(i) = 0.8 pM), and even against the MDR variants it retains picomolar to low nanomolar K(i), which is highly comparable with the best FDA-approved protease inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Chemical Biology Program, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protease
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: pol
Find proteins for O38731 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  O38731
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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Download CCD File 
B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MUT
Query on MUT

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Download CCD File 
A
(5S)-3-(3-ACETYLPHENYL)-N-[(1S,2R)-1-BENZYL-2-HYDROXY-3-{ISOBUTYL[(4-METHOXYPHENYL)SULFONYL]AMINO}PROPYL]-2-OXO-1,3-OXAZOLIDINE-5-CARBOXAMIDE
C33 H39 N3 O8 S
SLMZIXVIEWNEAM-YPKYBTACSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
MUTKi: 0 - 3.4 nM (100) BINDINGDB
MUTKi: 0.0008 nM BINDINGMOAD
MUTKi: 0.0008 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.778α = 90.00
b = 58.314β = 90.00
c = 61.693γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description