2HF5

The structure and function of a novel two-site calcium-binding fragment of calmodulin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Calcium-induced folding of a fragment of calmodulin composed of EF-hands 2 and 3

Lakowski, T.M.Lee, G.M.Okon, M.Reid, R.E.McIntosh, L.P.

(2007) Protein Sci. 16: 1119-1132

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.072777107

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Calmodulin (CaM) is an EF-hand protein composed of two calcium (Ca(2+))-binding EF-hand motifs in its N-domain (EF-1 and EF-2) and two in its C-domain (EF-3 and EF-4). In this study, we examined the structure, dynamics, and Ca(2+)-binding properties ...

    Calmodulin (CaM) is an EF-hand protein composed of two calcium (Ca(2+))-binding EF-hand motifs in its N-domain (EF-1 and EF-2) and two in its C-domain (EF-3 and EF-4). In this study, we examined the structure, dynamics, and Ca(2+)-binding properties of a fragment of CaM containing only EF-2 and EF-3 and the intervening linker sequence (CaM2/3). Based on NMR spectroscopic analyses, Ca(2+)-free CaM2/3 is predominantly unfolded, but upon binding Ca(2+), adopts a monomeric structure composed of two EF-hand motifs bridged by a short antiparallel beta-sheet. Despite having an "even-odd" pairing of EF-hands, the tertiary structure of CaM2/3 is similar to both the "odd-even" paired N- and C-domains of Ca(2+)-ligated CaM, with the conformationally flexible linker sequence adopting the role of an inter-EF-hand loop. However, unlike either CaM domain, CaM2/3 exhibits stepwise Ca(2+) binding with a K (d1) = 30 +/- 5 microM to EF-3, and a K (d2) > 1000 microM to EF-2. Binding of the first equivalent of Ca(2+) induces the cooperative folding of CaM2/3. In the case of native CaM, stacking interactions between four conserved aromatic residues help to hold the first and fourth helices of each EF-hand domain together, while the loop between EF-hands covalently tethers the second and third helices. In contrast, these aromatic residues lie along the second and third helices of CaM2/3, and thus are positioned adjacent to the loop between its "even-odd" paired EF-hands. This nonnative hydrophobic core packing may contribute to the weak Ca(2+) affinity exhibited by EF-2 in the context of CaM2/3.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Biomolecular and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T 1Z3.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Calmodulin
A
68Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CALM3 (CALML2, CAM3, CAMC, CAMIII)
Find proteins for P0DP25 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CALM3
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DP25
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 50 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2HF5 Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-05-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance