2H7R

L244A mutant of Cytochrome P450cam complexed with imidazole


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Cytochrome P450 active site plasticity: attenuation of imidazole binding in cytochrome P450cam by an L244A mutation.

Verras, A.Alian, A.Montellano, P.R.

(2006) Protein Eng Des Sel 19: 491-496

  • DOI: 10.1093/protein/gzl035
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2H7S, 2H7R, 2H7Q

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We have identified a P450(cam) mutation, L244A, that mitigates the affinity for imidazole and substituted imidazoles while maintaining a high affinity for the natural substrate camphor. The P450(cam) L244A crystal structure solved in the absence of any ligand reveals that the I-helix is displaced inwards by over 1 A in response to the cavity created by the change from leucine to alanine ...

    We have identified a P450(cam) mutation, L244A, that mitigates the affinity for imidazole and substituted imidazoles while maintaining a high affinity for the natural substrate camphor. The P450(cam) L244A crystal structure solved in the absence of any ligand reveals that the I-helix is displaced inwards by over 1 A in response to the cavity created by the change from leucine to alanine. Furthermore, the crystal structures of imidazole-bound P450(cam) and the 1-methylimidazole-bound P450(cam) L244A mutant reveal that the ligands have distinct binding modes in the two proteins. Whereas in wild-type P450(cam) the imidazole coordinates to the iron in an orientation roughly perpendicular to the plane of the heme, in the L244A mutant the rearranged I helix, and specifically residue Val247, forces the imidazole into an orientation almost parallel to the heme that impairs its ability to coordinate to the heme iron. As a result, the imidazole is much more weakly bound to the mutant than it is to the wild-type enzyme. Despite the constriction of the active site by the mutation, previous work with the L244A mutant has shown that it oxidizes larger substrates than the wild-type enzyme. This paradoxical situation, in which a mutation that nominally increases the active site cavity appears to decrease it, suggests that the mutation actually increases the active site maleability, allowing it to better expand to oxidize larger substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California 600 16th Street, San Francisco, CA 94158-2517, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cytochrome P450-camA414Pseudomonas putidaMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: camCcyp101
EC: 1.14.15.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P00183 (Pseudomonas putida)
Explore P00183 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00183
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
1MZ
Query on 1MZ

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]1-METHYLIMIDAZOLE
C4 H7 N2
MCTWTZJPVLRJOU-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
1MZ Binding MOAD:  2H7R Kd: 5.59e+4 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.599α = 90
b = 58.784β = 105.29
c = 57.441γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance