2H4E

Crystal structure of Cys10 sulfonated transthyretin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the protective role of sulfite against transthyretin amyloid formation.

Gales, L.Saraiva, M.J.Damas, A.M.

(2007) Biochim Biophys Acta 1774: 59-64

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2006.10.015
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2H4E

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transthyretin (TTR) is a plasma protein, which under conditions not yet completely understood, aggregates forming amyloid deposits that occur extracellularly. It is a protein composed of four identical subunits. Each monomer has a single cysteine residue (Cys10), which in the plasma is reduced (Cys-SH), oxidized (Cys-SO3-), sulfonated (Cys-S-SO3-) or bound to various sulfhydryls ...

    Transthyretin (TTR) is a plasma protein, which under conditions not yet completely understood, aggregates forming amyloid deposits that occur extracellularly. It is a protein composed of four identical subunits. Each monomer has a single cysteine residue (Cys10), which in the plasma is reduced (Cys-SH), oxidized (Cys-SO3-), sulfonated (Cys-S-SO3-) or bound to various sulfhydryls. There is evidence that these chemical modifications of the SH group alter the stability and the amyloidogenic potential of the protein. The sulfonated form was found to enhance the stability of the native conformation of TTR, avoiding misassembly of the protein leading to amyloid. Consequently, the potential treatment of TTR-type amyloidosis by sulfite has been suggested. The structure of TTR pre-incubated with sulfite at physiological pH, was determined by X-ray crystallography to provide structural insight for the stabilizing effect of sulfite. Each subunit has a beta-sandwich conformation, with two four stranded beta-pleated sheets (DAGH and CBEF) and a small alpha-helix between strands. The sulfonated cysteines have two sulfite oxygens involved in intramonomer hydrogen bonds that bridge Cys10, the amino acid immediately before beta-strand A, to the amino acids immediately after the edge beta-strand D. Implications of the newly observed interactions in the inhibition of fibril formation are discussed in light of the recent structural models of TTR amyloid fibrils.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Unidade de Estrutura Molecular, IBMC- Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TransthyretinA, B127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: TTRPALB
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P02766 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
PHAROS:  P02766
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth B]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSU
Query on CSU
A, BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O5 S2CYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.183 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 42.331α = 90
b = 85.945β = 90
c = 63.404γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2006-05-24 
  • Released Date: 2007-01-23 
  • Deposition Author(s): Gales, L., Damas, A.M.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-01-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Version format compliance