2H2Z

Crystal structure of SARS-CoV main protease with authentic N and C-termini


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Production of authentic SARS-CoV M(pro) with enhanced activity: application as a novel tag-cleavage endopeptidase for protein overproduction

Xue, X.Yang, H.Shen, W.Zhao, Q.Li, J.Yang, K.Chen, C.Jin, Y.Bartlam, M.Rao, Z.

(2007) J Mol Biol 366: 965-975

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.11.073
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2HOB, 2H2Z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The viral proteases have proven to be the most selective and useful for removing the fusion tags in fusion protein expression systems. As a key enzyme in the viral life-cycle, the main protease (M(pro)) is most attractive for drug design targeting th ...

    The viral proteases have proven to be the most selective and useful for removing the fusion tags in fusion protein expression systems. As a key enzyme in the viral life-cycle, the main protease (M(pro)) is most attractive for drug design targeting the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), the etiological agent responsible for the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003. In this study, SARS-CoV M(pro) was used to specifically remove the GST tag in a new fusion protein expression system. We report a new method to produce wild-type (WT) SARS-CoV M(pro) with authentic N and C termini, and compare the activity of WT protease with those of three different types of SARS-CoV M(pro) with additional residues at the N or C terminus. Our results show that additional residues at the N terminus, but not at the C terminus, of M(pro) are detrimental to enzyme activity. To explain this, the crystal structures of WT SARS-CoV M(pro) and its complex with a Michael acceptor inhibitor were determined to 1.6 Angstroms and 1.95 Angstroms resolution respectively. These crystal structures reveal that the first residue of this protease is important for sustaining the substrate-binding pocket and inhibitor binding. This study suggests that SARS-CoV M(pro) could serve as a new tag-cleavage endopeptidase for protein overproduction, and the WT SARS-CoV M(pro) is more appropriate for mechanistic characterization and inhibitor design.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Tsinghua-Nankai-IBP Joint Research Group for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Replicase polyprotein 1abA306Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 3.4.22 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22.69 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt), 3.6.4.12 (UniProt), 3.6.4.13 (UniProt), 2.1.1 (UniProt), 3.1.13 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P0C6X7 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus)
Explore P0C6X7 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C6X7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 108.406α = 90
b = 81.75β = 104.7
c = 53.553γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-04-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance