2GYU

Crystal structure of Mus musculus Acetylcholinesterase in complex with HI-6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of acetylcholinesterase in complex with HI-6, Ortho-7 and obidoxime: Structural basis for differences in the ability to reactivate tabun conjugates.

Ekstrom, F.Pang, Y.P.Boman, M.Artursson, E.Akfur, C.Borjegren, S.

(2006) Biochem.Pharm. 72: 597-607

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bcp.2006.05.027
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by organophosphorus compounds (OPs) such as pesticides and nerve agents causes acute toxicity or death of the intoxicated individual. The inhibited AChE may be reactivated by certain oximes as antidotes for c ...

    Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) by organophosphorus compounds (OPs) such as pesticides and nerve agents causes acute toxicity or death of the intoxicated individual. The inhibited AChE may be reactivated by certain oximes as antidotes for clinical treatment of OP-intoxications. Crystal structures of the oximes HI-6, Ortho-7 and obidoxime in complex with Mus musculus acetylcholinesterase (mAChE) reveal different roles of the peripheral anionic site (PAS) in the binding of the oximes. A limited structural change of the side chains of Trp286 and Asp74 facilitates the intercalation of the 4-carboxylamide pyridinium ring of HI-6 between the side chains of Tyr124 and Trp286. The 2-carboxyimino pyridinium ring of HI-6 is accommodated at the entrance of the catalytic site with the oximate forming a hydrogen bond to the main-chain nitrogen atom of Phe295. In contrast to HI-6, the coordination of Ortho-7 and obidoxime within the PAS is facilitated by an extended structural change of Trp286 that allows one of the carboxyimino pyridinium rings to form a cation-pi interaction with the aromatic groups of Tyr72 and Trp286. The central chain of Ortho-7 and obidoxime is loosely coordinated in the active-site gorge, whereas the second carboxyimino pyridinium ring is accommodated in the vicinity of the phenol ring of Tyr337. The structural data clearly show analogous coordination of Ortho-7 and obidoxime within the active-site gorge of AChE. Different ability to reactivate AChE inhibited by tabun is shown in end-point reactivation experiments where HI-6, Ortho-7 and obidoxime showed an efficiency of 1, 45 and 38%, respectively. The low efficiency of HI-6 and the significantly higher efficiency of Ortho-7 and obidoxime may be explained by the differential binding of the oximes in the PAS and active-site gorge of AChE.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Swedish Defense Research Agency, Division of NBC Defense, S-901 82, UmeƄ, Sweden. fredrik.ekstrom@foi.se




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Acetylcholinesterase
A, B
543Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
Find proteins for P21836 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P21836
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FUC
Query on FUC

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Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA-L-FUCOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-SXUWKVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HI6
Query on HI6

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Download CCD File 
A, B
4-(AMINOCARBONYL)-1-[({2-[(E)-(HYDROXYIMINO)METHYL]PYRIDINIUM-1-YL}METHOXY)METHYL]PYRIDINIUM
1-(2-HYDROXY-IMINOMETHYLPYRIDINIUM)-1-(4-CARBOXYAMINO)-PYRIDINIUM DIMETHYLETHER
C14 H16 N4 O3
FJZDLOMCEPUCII-UHFFFAOYSA-P
 Ligand Interaction
P6G
Query on P6G

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Download CCD File 
A
HEXAETHYLENE GLYCOL
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL PEG400
C12 H26 O7
IIRDTKBZINWQAW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
P4G
Query on P4G

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Download CCD File 
A
1-ETHOXY-2-(2-ETHOXYETHOXY)ETHANE
C8 H18 O3
RRQYJINTUHWNHW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
HI6IC50: 1360000 nM (88) BINDINGDB
HI6Kd: 27000 - 93000 nM (88) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.160α = 90.00
b = 110.720β = 90.00
c = 226.250γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-08-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-03-07
    Type: Data collection