2GW2

Crystal structure of the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase domain of human cyclophilin G


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and biochemical characterization of the human cyclophilin family of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases.

Davis, T.L.Walker, J.R.Campagna-Slater, V.Finerty, P.J.Paramanathan, R.Bernstein, G.MacKenzie, F.Tempel, W.Ouyang, H.Lee, W.H.Eisenmesser, E.Z.Dhe-Paganon, S.

(2010) PLoS Biol. 8: e1000439-e1000439

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000439
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Peptidyl-prolyl isomerases catalyze the conversion between cis and trans isomers of proline. The cyclophilin family of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases is well known for being the target of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin, used to combat organ trans ...

    Peptidyl-prolyl isomerases catalyze the conversion between cis and trans isomers of proline. The cyclophilin family of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases is well known for being the target of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin, used to combat organ transplant rejection. There is great interest in both the substrate specificity of these enzymes and the design of isoform-selective ligands for them. However, the dearth of available data for individual family members inhibits attempts to design drug specificity; additionally, in order to define physiological functions for the cyclophilins, definitive isoform characterization is required. In the current study, enzymatic activity was assayed for 15 of the 17 human cyclophilin isomerase domains, and binding to the cyclosporin scaffold was tested. In order to rationalize the observed isoform diversity, the high-resolution crystallographic structures of seven cyclophilin domains were determined. These models, combined with seven previously solved cyclophilin isoforms, provide the basis for a family-wide structure:function analysis. Detailed structural analysis of the human cyclophilin isomerase explains why cyclophilin activity against short peptides is correlated with an ability to ligate cyclosporin and why certain isoforms are not competent for either activity. In addition, we find that regions of the isomerase domain outside the proline-binding surface impart isoform specificity for both in vivo substrates and drug design. We hypothesize that there is a well-defined molecular surface corresponding to the substrate-binding S2 position that is a site of diversity in the cyclophilin family. Computational simulations of substrate binding in this region support our observations. Our data indicate that unique isoform determinants exist that may be exploited for development of selective ligands and suggest that the currently available small-molecule and peptide-based ligands for this class of enzyme are insufficient for isoform specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase G
A
198Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: PPIG
EC: 5.2.1.8
Find proteins for Q13427 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PPIG
Go to UniProtKB:  Q13427
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
UNX
Query on UNX

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
UNKNOWN ATOM OR ION
X
*
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 37.432α = 90.00
b = 65.504β = 90.00
c = 69.341γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-06-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Type: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2018-02-07
    Type: Database references