2GV8

Crystal structure of flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) from S.pombe and NADPH cofactor complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Mechanism of action of a flavin-containing monooxygenase.

Eswaramoorthy, S.Bonanno, J.B.Burley, S.K.Swaminathan, S.

(2006) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.Usa 103: 9832-9837

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0602398103
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Elimination of nonnutritional and insoluble compounds is a critical task for any living organism. Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) attach an oxygen atom to the insoluble nucleophilic compounds to increase solubility and thereby increase excret ...

    Elimination of nonnutritional and insoluble compounds is a critical task for any living organism. Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) attach an oxygen atom to the insoluble nucleophilic compounds to increase solubility and thereby increase excretion. Here we analyze the functional mechanism of FMO from Schizosaccharomyces pombe using the crystal structures of the wild type and protein-cofactor and protein-substrate complexes. The structure of the wild-type FMO revealed that the prosthetic group FAD is an integral part of the protein. FMO needs NADPH as a cofactor in addition to the prosthetic group for its catalytic activity. Structures of the protein-cofactor and protein-substrate complexes provide insights into mechanism of action. We propose that FMOs exist in the cell as a complex with a reduced form of the prosthetic group and NADPH cofactor, readying them to act on substrates. The 4alpha-hydroperoxyflavin form of the prosthetic group represents a transient intermediate of the monooxygenation process. The oxygenated and reduced forms of the prosthetic group help stabilize interactions with cofactor and substrate alternately to permit continuous enzyme turnover.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
monooxygenase
A, B
447Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: fmo1
EC: 1.14.13.-
Find proteins for Q9HFE4 (Schizosaccharomyces pombe (strain 972 / ATCC 24843))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HFE4
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NDP
Query on NDP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
NADPH DIHYDRO-NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
C21 H30 N7 O17 P3
ACFIXJIJDZMPPO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 59.310α = 98.59
b = 72.530β = 107.40
c = 80.370γ = 101.72
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
CBASSdata collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-06-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance