2G37

Structure of Thermus thermophilus L-proline dehydrogenase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Kinetics of Monofunctional Proline Dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus.

White, T.A.Krishnan, N.Becker, D.F.Tanner, J.J.

(2007) J.Biol.Chem. 282: 14316-14327

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M700912200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) and Delta(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (P5CDH) catalyze the two-step oxidation of proline to glutamate. They are distinct monofunctional enzymes in all eukaryotes and some bacteria but are fused into bifuncti ...

    Proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) and Delta(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (P5CDH) catalyze the two-step oxidation of proline to glutamate. They are distinct monofunctional enzymes in all eukaryotes and some bacteria but are fused into bifunctional enzymes known as proline utilization A (PutA) in other bacteria. Here we report the first structure and biochemical data for a monofunctional PRODH. The 2.0-A resolution structure of Thermus thermophilus PRODH reveals a distorted (betaalpha)(8) barrel catalytic core domain and a hydrophobic alpha-helical domain located above the carboxyl-terminal ends of the strands of the barrel. Although the catalytic core is similar to that of the PutA PRODH domain, the FAD conformation of T. thermophilus PRODH is remarkably different and likely reflects unique requirements for membrane association and communication with P5CDH. Also, the FAD of T. thermophilus PRODH is highly solvent-exposed compared with PutA due to a 4-A shift of helix 8. Structure-based sequence analysis of the PutA/PRODH family led us to identify nine conserved motifs involved in cofactor and substrate recognition. Biochemical studies show that the midpoint potential of the FAD is -75 mV and the kinetic parameters for proline are K(m) = 27 mm and k(cat) = 13 s(-1). 3,4-Dehydro-l-proline was found to be an efficient substrate, and l-tetrahydro-2-furoic acid is a competitive inhibitor (K(I) = 1.0 mm). Finally, we demonstrate that T. thermophilus PRODH reacts with O(2) producing superoxide. This is significant because superoxide production underlies the role of human PRODH in p53-mediated apoptosis, implying commonalities between eukaryotic and bacterial monofunctional PRODHs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
proline dehydrogenase/delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase
A, B
327Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)EC: 1.2.1.88, 1.5.5.2
Find proteins for Q72IB8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q72IB8
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.067α = 90.00
b = 89.590β = 90.00
c = 94.316γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection
REFMACrefinement
d*TREKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance