2FVJ

A novel anti-adipogenic partial agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARG) recruits pparg-coactivator-1 alpha (PGC1A) but potentiates insulin signaling in vitro


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.99 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A novel partial agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) recruits PPARgamma-coactivator-1alpha, prevents triglyceride accumulation, and potentiates insulin signaling in vitro

Burgermeister, E.Schnoebelen, A.Flament, A.Benz, J.Stihle, M.Gsell, B.Rufer, A.Ruf, A.Kuhn, B.Maerki, H.P.Mizrahi, J.Sebokova, E.Niesor, E.Meyer, M.

(2006) Mol Endocrinol 20: 809-830

  • DOI: 10.1210/me.2005-0171
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2FVJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Partial agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), also termed selective PPARgamma modulators, are expected to uncouple insulin sensitization from triglyceride (TG) storage in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. These agents shall thus avoid adverse effects, such as body weight gain, exerted by full agonists such as thiazolidinediones ...

    Partial agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), also termed selective PPARgamma modulators, are expected to uncouple insulin sensitization from triglyceride (TG) storage in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. These agents shall thus avoid adverse effects, such as body weight gain, exerted by full agonists such as thiazolidinediones. In this context, we describe the identification and characterization of the isoquinoline derivative PA-082, a prototype of a novel class of non-thiazolidinedione partial PPARgamma ligands. In a cocrystal with PPARgamma it was bound within the ligand-binding pocket without direct contact to helix 12. The compound displayed partial agonism in biochemical and cell-based transactivation assays and caused preferential recruitment of PPARgamma-coactivator-1alpha (PGC1alpha) to the receptor, a feature shared with other selective PPARgamma modulators. It antagonized rosiglitazone-driven transactivation and TG accumulation during de novo adipogenic differentiation of murine C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal stem cells. The latter effect was mimicked by overexpression of wild-type PGC1alpha but not its LXXLL-deficient mutant. Despite failing to promote TG loading, PA-082 induced mRNAs of genes encoding components of insulin signaling and adipogenic differentiation pathways. It potentiated glucose uptake and inhibited the negative cross-talk of TNFalpha on protein kinase B (AKT) phosphorylation in mature adipocytes and HepG2 human hepatoma cells. PGC1alpha is a key regulator of energy expenditure and down-regulated in diabetics. We thus propose that selective recruitment of PGC1alpha to favorable PPARgamma-target genes provides a possible molecular mechanism whereby partial PPARgamma agonists dissociate TG accumulation from insulin signaling.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Pharmaceuticals Division, Department of Vascular and Metabolic Diseases, Fa. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, CH-4070 Basel, Switzerland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaA271Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPARGNR1C3
Find proteins for P37231 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P37231 
Go to UniProtKB:  P37231
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P37231
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nuclear receptor coactivator 1B13Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NCOA1BHLHE74SRC1
EC: 2.3.1.48
Find proteins for Q15788 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q15788 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15788
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q15788
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
RO0
Query on RO0

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]1-(3,4-DIMETHOXYBENZYL)-6,7-DIMETHOXY-4-{[4-(2-METHOXYPHENYL)PIPERIDIN-1-YL]METHYL}ISOQUINOLINE
C33 H38 N2 O5
DJEGOJNHRNRMHS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.99 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 53.483α = 90
b = 65.897β = 90
c = 87.538γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance