2FP3

Crystal structure of the Drosophila initiator caspase Dronc


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and activation mechanism of the Drosophila initiator caspase dronc

Yan, N.Huh, J.R.Schirf, V.Demeler, B.Hay, B.A.Shi, Y.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 8667-8674

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M513232200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Activation of an initiator caspase is essential to the execution of apoptosis. The molecular mechanisms by which initiator caspases are activated remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that the autocatalytic cleavage of Dronc, an important ini ...

    Activation of an initiator caspase is essential to the execution of apoptosis. The molecular mechanisms by which initiator caspases are activated remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that the autocatalytic cleavage of Dronc, an important initiator caspase in Drosophila, results in a drastic enhancement of its catalytic activity in vitro. The autocleaved Dronc forms a homodimer, whereas the uncleaved Dronc zymogen exists exclusively as a monomer. Thus the autocatalytic cleavage in Dronc induces its stable dimerization, which presumably allows the two adjacent monomers to mutually stabilize their active sites, leading to activation. Crystal structure of a prodomain-deleted Dronc zymogen, determined at 2.5 A resolution, reveals an unproductive conformation at the active site, which is consistent with the observation that the zymogen remains catalytically inactive. This study revealed insights into mechanism of Dronc activation, and in conjunction with other observations, suggests diverse mechanisms for the activation of initiator caspases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Lewis Thomas Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Caspase Nc
A
316Drosophila melanogasterMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: Dronc (Nc)
EC: 3.4.22.-
Find proteins for Q9XYF4 (Drosophila melanogaster)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9XYF4
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.222 
  • Space Group: I 41 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 162.474α = 90.00
b = 162.474β = 90.00
c = 162.474γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement
SOLVEphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2006-01-15 
  • Released Date: 2006-01-31 
  • Deposition Author(s): Yan, N., Gu, L., Shi, Y.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-01-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance