2FEB

NMR Solution Structure, Dynamics and Binding Properties of the Kringle IV Type 8 module of apolipoprotein(a)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: all calculated structures submitted,structures with acceptable covalent geometry,structures with favorable non-bond energy,structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structure, dynamics, and binding properties of the kringle IV type 8 module of apolipoprotein(a).

Chitayat, S.Kanelis, V.Koschinsky, M.L.Smith, S.P.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 1732-1742

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi061814g

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The plasma lipoprotein lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] comprises a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-like particle covalently attached to the glycoprotein apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)]. Apo(a) consists of multiple tandem repeating kringle modules, similar to plasmin ...

    The plasma lipoprotein lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] comprises a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-like particle covalently attached to the glycoprotein apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)]. Apo(a) consists of multiple tandem repeating kringle modules, similar to plasminogen kringle IV (designated KIV1-KIV10), followed by modules homologous to the kringle V module and protease domain of plasminogen. The apo(a) KIV modules have been classified on the basis of their binding affinity for lysine and lysine analogues. The strong lysine-binding apo(a) KIV10 module mediates lysine-dependent interactions with fibrin and cell-surface receptors. Weak lysine-binding apo(a) KIV7 and KIV8 modules display a 2-3-fold difference in lysine affinity and play a direct role in the noncovalent step in Lp(a) assembly through binding to unique lysine-containing sequences in apolipoproteinB-100 (apoB-100). The present study describes the nuclear magnetic resonance solution structure of apo(a) KIV8 and its solution dynamics properties, the first for an apo(a) kringle module, and compares the effects of epsilon-aminocaproic acid (epsilon-ACA) binding on the backbone and side-chain conformation of KIV7 and KIV8 on a per residue basis. Apo(a) KIV8 adopts a well-ordered structure that shares the general tri-loop kringle topology with apo(a) KIV6, KIV7, and KIV10. Mapping of epsilon-ACA-induced chemical-shift changes on KIV7 and KIV8 indicate that the same residues are affected, despite a 2-3-fold difference in epsilon-ACA affinity. A unique loop conformation within KIV8, involving hydrophobic interactions with Tyr40, affects the positioning of Arg35 relative to the lysine-binding site (LBS). A difference in the orientation of the aromatic side chains comprising the hydrophobic center of the LBS in KIV8 decreases the size of the hydrophobic cleft compared to other apo(a) KIV modules. An exposed hydrophobic patch contiguous with the LBS in KIV8 and not conserved in other weak lysine-binding apo(a) kringle modules may modulate specificity for regions within apoB-100. An additional ligand recognition site comprises a structured arginine-glycine-aspartate motif at the N terminus of the KIV8 module, which may mediate Lp(a)/apo(a)-integrin interactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Apolipoprotein(a)
A
102Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LPA
EC: 3.4.21.-
Find proteins for P08519 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: LPA
Go to UniProtKB:  P08519
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: all calculated structures submitted,structures with acceptable covalent geometry,structures with favorable non-bond energy,structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 2FEB Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance