Binding of 5'-GTP to the C-terminal FeS cluster of the radical S-adenosylmethionine enzyme MoaA provides insights into its mechanismHaenzelmann, P., Schindelin, H.
(2006) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 103: 6829-6834
- PubMed: 16632608
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0510711103
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The first step in molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, the conversion of 5'-GTP to precursor Z, an oxygen-sensitive tetrahydropyranopterin is catalyzed by the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent enzyme MoaA and the accessory protein MoaC. This reaction ...
The first step in molybdenum cofactor biosynthesis, the conversion of 5'-GTP to precursor Z, an oxygen-sensitive tetrahydropyranopterin is catalyzed by the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent enzyme MoaA and the accessory protein MoaC. This reaction involves the radical-initiated intramolecular rearrangement of the guanine C8 atom. MoaA harbors an N-terminal [4Fe-4S] cluster, which is involved in the reductive cleavage of SAM and generates a 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical (5'-dA*), and a C-terminal [4Fe-4S] cluster presumably involved in substrate binding and/or activation. Biochemical studies identified residues involved in 5'-GTP binding and the determinants of nucleotide specificity. The crystal structure of MoaA in complex with 5'-GTP confirms the biochemical data and provides valuable insights into the subsequent radical reaction. MoaA binds 5'-GTP with high affinity and interacts through its C-terminal [4Fe-4S] cluster with the guanine N1 and N2 atoms, in a yet uncharacterized binding mode. The tightly anchored triphosphate moiety prevents the escape of radical intermediates. This structure also visualizes the L-Met and 5'-dA cleavage products of SAM. Rotation of the 5'-dA ribose and/or conformational changes of the guanosine are proposed to bring the 5'-deoxyadenosyl radical into close proximity of either the ribose C2' and C3' or the guanine C8 carbon atoms leading to hydrogen abstraction.
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