2F53

Directed Evolution of Human T-cell Receptor CDR2 residues by phage display dramatically enhances affinity for cognate peptide-MHC without apparent cross-reactivity


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.169 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Directed evolution of human T cell receptor CDR2 residues by phage display dramatically enhances affinity for cognate peptide-MHC without increasing apparent cross-reactivity.

Dunn, S.M.Rizkallah, P.J.Baston, E.Mahon, T.Cameron, B.Moysey, R.Gao, F.Sami, M.Boulter, J.Li, Y.Jakobsen, B.K.

(2006) Protein Sci 15: 710-721

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.051936406
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2F54, 2F53

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The mammalian alpha/beta T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire plays a pivotal role in adaptive immunity by recognizing short, processed, peptide antigens bound in the context of a highly diverse family of cell-surface major histocompatibility complexes ( ...

    The mammalian alpha/beta T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire plays a pivotal role in adaptive immunity by recognizing short, processed, peptide antigens bound in the context of a highly diverse family of cell-surface major histocompatibility complexes (pMHCs). Despite the extensive TCR-MHC interaction surface, peptide-independent cross-reactivity of native TCRs is generally avoided through cell-mediated selection of molecules with low inherent affinity for MHC. Here we show that, contrary to expectations, the germ line-encoded complementarity determining regions (CDRs) of human TCRs, namely the CDR2s, which appear to contact only the MHC surface and not the bound peptide, can be engineered to yield soluble low nanomolar affinity ligands that retain a surprisingly high degree of specificity for the cognate pMHC target. Structural investigation of one such CDR2 mutant implicates shape complementarity of the mutant CDR2 contact interfaces as being a key determinant of the increased affinity. Our results suggest that manipulation of germ line CDR2 loops may provide a useful route to the production of high-affinity TCRs with therapeutic and diagnostic potential.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Avidex Limited, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 4RX, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HLA class I histocompatibility antigenA275Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-AHLAA
Find proteins for P04439 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04439 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04439
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P04439
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-2-microglobulinB100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: B2MCDABP0092HDCMA22P
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P61769 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P61769
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cancer/testis antigen 1BC9N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P78358 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P78358 
Go to UniProtKB:  P78358
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P78358
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
T-cell Receptor, alpha chainD193Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TRACTCRA
Find proteins for P01848 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01848 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01848
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01848
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
T-cell receptor, beta chainE243Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A, B, E
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.166 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.169 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 76.234α = 90
b = 53.972β = 96.83
c = 119.905γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-04-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance