2F3A

Solution structure of the LL-37-derived aurein 1.2 analog (LLAA) in membrane-mimetic micelles


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

NMR studies of aurein 1.2 analogs

Li, X.Li, Y.Peterkofsky, A.Wang, G.

(2006) Biochim Biophys Acta 1758: 1203-1214

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2006.03.032
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2F3A

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aurein 1.2 is an antimicrobial and anticancer peptide isolated from an Australian frog. To improve our understanding of the mechanism of action, two series of peptides were designed. The first series includes the N-terminal membrane anchor of bacterial glucose-specific enzyme IIA, aurein 1 ...

    Aurein 1.2 is an antimicrobial and anticancer peptide isolated from an Australian frog. To improve our understanding of the mechanism of action, two series of peptides were designed. The first series includes the N-terminal membrane anchor of bacterial glucose-specific enzyme IIA, aurein 1.2, and a newly identified aurein 1.2 analog from human LL-37 (LLAA). The order of antibacterial activity is LLAA>aurein 1.2>the membrane anchor (inactive). The structure of LLAA in detergent micelles was determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy, including structural refinement by natural abundance (13)C(alpha), (13)C(beta), and (15)N chemical shifts. The hydrophobic surface area of the 3D structure is related to the retention time of the peptide on a reverse-phase HPLC column. The higher activity of LLAA compared to aurein 1.2 was attributed to additional cationic residues that enhance the membrane perturbation potential. The second peptide series was created by changing the C-terminal phenylalanine (F13) of aurein 1.2 to either phenylglycine or tryptophan. A closer or further location of the aromatic rings to the peptide backbone in the mutants relative to F13 is proposed to cause a drop in activity. Phenylglycine with unique chemical shifts may be a useful NMR probe for structure-activity relationship studies of antimicrobial peptides. To facilitate potential future use for NMR studies, random-coil chemical shifts for phenylglycine (X) were measured using the synthetic peptide GGXGG. Aromatic rings of phenylalanines in all the peptides penetrated 2-5 A below the lipid head group and are essential for membrane targeting as illustrated by intermolecular peptide-lipid NOE patterns.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structure-Fun Laboratory, Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 986805 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-6805, USA.



Macromolecules
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
aurein 1.2 analogA14synthetic constructMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 2F3A Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2020-06-24
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy