2EX3

Bacteriophage phi29 DNA polymerase bound to terminal protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The phi29 DNA polymerase:protein-primer structure suggests a model for the initiation to elongation transition

Kamtekar, S.Berman, A.J.Wang, J.Lazaro, J.M.de Vega, M.Blanco, L.Salas, M.Steitz, T.A.

(2006) EMBO J 25: 1335-1343

  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7601027
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2EX3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The absolute requirement for primers in the initiation of DNA synthesis poses a problem for replicating the ends of linear chromosomes. The DNA polymerase of bacteriophage phi29 solves this problem by using a serine hydroxyl of terminal protein to prime replication ...

    The absolute requirement for primers in the initiation of DNA synthesis poses a problem for replicating the ends of linear chromosomes. The DNA polymerase of bacteriophage phi29 solves this problem by using a serine hydroxyl of terminal protein to prime replication. The 3.0 A resolution structure shows one domain of terminal protein making no interactions, a second binding the polymerase and a third domain containing the priming serine occupying the same binding cleft in the polymerase as duplex DNA does during elongation. Thus, the progressively elongating DNA duplex product must displace this priming domain. Further, this heterodimer of polymerase and terminal protein cannot accommodate upstream template DNA, thereby explaining its specificity for initiating DNA synthesis only at the ends of the bacteriophage genome. We propose a model for the transition from the initiation to the elongation phases in which the priming domain of terminal protein moves out of the active site as polymerase elongates the primer strand. The model indicates that terminal protein should dissociate from polymerase after the incorporation of approximately six nucleotides.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8114, USA.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA polymerase
A, C, E, G, I, K
A, C, E, G, I, K
575Bacillus virus phi29Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: 2
EC: 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.11 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P03680 (Bacillus phage phi29)
Explore P03680 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03680
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP03680
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA terminal protein
B, D, F, H, J, L
B, D, F, H, J, L
230Bacillus virus phi29Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 3
UniProt
Find proteins for P03681 (Bacillus phage phi29)
Explore P03681 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03681
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP03681
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 304.933α = 90
b = 220.281β = 45.4
c = 217.165γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-03-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2021-10-20
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations