Structure of Atg5.Atg16, a complex essential for autophagyMatsushita, M., Suzuki, N.N., Obara, K., Fujioka, Y., Ohsumi, Y., Inagaki, F.
(2007) J.Biol.Chem. 282: 6763-6772
- PubMed: 17192262
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M609876200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Expression, purification and crystallization of the Atg5-Atg16 complex essential for autophagy
Matsushita, M.,Suzuki, N.N.,Fujioka, Y.,Ohsumi, Y.,Inagaki, F.
(2006) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.F 62: 1021
Atg5 is covalently modified with a ubiquitin-like modifier, Atg12, and the Atg12-Atg5 conjugate further forms a complex with the multimeric protein Atg16. The Atg12-Atg5.Atg16 multimeric complex plays an essential role in autophagy, the bulk degradat ...
Atg5 is covalently modified with a ubiquitin-like modifier, Atg12, and the Atg12-Atg5 conjugate further forms a complex with the multimeric protein Atg16. The Atg12-Atg5.Atg16 multimeric complex plays an essential role in autophagy, the bulk degradation system conserved in all eukaryotes. We have reported here the crystal structure of Atg5 complexed with the N-terminal region of Atg16 at 1.97A resolution. Atg5 comprises two ubiquitin-like domains that flank a helix-rich domain. The N-terminal region of Atg16 has a helical structure and is bound to the groove formed by these three domains. In vitro analysis showed that Arg-35 and Phe-46 of Atg16 are crucial for the interaction. Atg16, with a mutation at these residues, failed to localize to the pre-autophagosomal structure and could not restore autophagy in Atg16-deficient yeast strains. Furthermore, these Atg16 mutants could not restore a severe reduction in the formation of the Atg8-phosphatidylethanolamine conjugate, another essential factor for autophagy, in Atg16-deficient strains under starvation conditions. These results taken together suggest that the direct interaction between Atg5 and Atg16 is crucial to the performance of their roles in autophagy.
Department of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, N-21, W-11, Kita-ku, Sapporo 001-0021, Japan.