2DX1

Crystal structure of RhoGEF protein Asef


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.36 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.299 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the rac activator, Asef, reveals its autoinhibitory mechanism

Murayama, K.Shirouzu, M.Kawasaki, Y.Kato-Murayama, M.Hanawa-Suetsugu, K.Sakamoto, A.Katsura, Y.Suenaga, A.Toyama, M.Terada, T.Taiji, M.Akiyama, T.Yokoyama, S.

(2007) J Biol Chem 282: 4238-4242

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.C600234200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2DX1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) Asef is activated by binding to the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli mutant, which is found in sporadic and familial colorectal tumors. This activated Asef is involved in the migration of colorectal tumor cells ...

    The Rac-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) Asef is activated by binding to the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli mutant, which is found in sporadic and familial colorectal tumors. This activated Asef is involved in the migration of colorectal tumor cells. The GEFs for Rho family GTPases contain the Dbl homology (DH) domain and the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. When Asef is in the resting state, the GEF activity of the DH-PH module is intramolecularly inhibited by an unidentified mechanism. Asef has a Src homology 3 (SH3) domain in addition to the DH-PH module. In the present study, the three-dimensional structure of Asef was solved in its autoinhibited state. The crystal structure revealed that the SH3 domain binds intramolecularly to the DH domain, thus blocking the Rac-binding site. Furthermore, the RT-loop and the C-terminal region of the SH3 domain interact with the DH domain in a manner completely different from those for the canonical binding to a polyproline-peptide motif. These results demonstrate that the blocking of the Rac-binding site by the SH3 domain is essential for Asef autoinhibition. This may be a common mechanism in other proteins that possess an SH3 domain adjacent to a DH-PH module.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Tohoku University Biomedical Engineering Research Organization, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 4A482Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ARHGEF4KIAA1112
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9NR80 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9NR80 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9NR80
PHAROS:  Q9NR80
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.36 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.299 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 100.932α = 90
b = 79.818β = 123.25
c = 68.004γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-01-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance