Structure of a complex of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 with maltohexaose demonstrates the important role of aromatic residues at the reducing end of the substrate binding cleftOhtaki, A., Mizuno, M., Yoshida, H., Tonozuka, T., Sakano, Y., Kamitori, S.
(2006) Carbohydr.Res. 341: 1041-1046
- PubMed: 16564038
- DOI: 10.1016/j.carres.2006.01.029
- PubMed Abstract:
Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 (TVAII) can efficiently hydrolyze both starch and cyclomaltooligosaccharides (cyclodextrins). The crystal structure of an inactive mutant TVAII in a complex with maltohexaose was determined at a resolut ...
Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 (TVAII) can efficiently hydrolyze both starch and cyclomaltooligosaccharides (cyclodextrins). The crystal structure of an inactive mutant TVAII in a complex with maltohexaose was determined at a resolution of 2.1A. TVAII adopts a dimeric structure to form two catalytic sites, where substrates are found to bind. At the catalytic site, there are many hydrogen bonds between the enzyme and substrate at the non-reducing end from the hydrolyzing site, but few hydrogen bonds at the reducing end, where two aromatic residues, Trp356 and Tyr45, make effective interactions with a substrate. Trp356 drastically changes its side-chain conformation to achieve a strong stacking interaction with the substrate, and Tyr45 from another molecule forms a water-mediated hydrogen bond with the substrate. Kinetic analysis of the wild-type and mutant enzymes in which Trp356 and/or Tyr45 were replaced with Ala suggested that Trp356 and Tyr45 are essential to the catalytic reaction of the enzyme, and that the formation of a dimeric structure is indispensable for TVAII to hydrolyze both starch and cyclodextrins.
Department of Biotechnology and Life Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan.