Structural basis of the catalytic mechanism operating in open-closed conformers of lipocalin type prostaglandin D synthase.Kumasaka, T., Aritake, K., Ago, H., Irikura, D., Tsurumura, T., Yamamoto, M., Miyano, M., Urade, Y., Hayaishi, O.
(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 22344-22352
- PubMed: 19546224
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.018341
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
- Cloning, expression, crystallization, and preliminary X-ray analysis of recombinant mouse lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase, a somnogen-producing enzyme
Irikura, D., Kumasaka, T., Yamamoto, M., Ago, H., Miyano, M., Kubata, K.B., Sakai, H., Hayaishi, O., Urade, Y.
(2003) J Biochem 133: 29
- Lack of tactile pain (allodynia) in lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase-deficient mice
Eguchi, N., Minami, T., Shirafuji, N., Kanaoka, Y., Tanaka, T., Nagata, A., Yoshida, N., Urade, Y., Ito, S., Hayaishi, O.
(1999) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96: 726
Lipocalin type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) is a multifunctional protein acting as a somnogen (PGD2)-producing enzyme, an extracellular transporter of various lipophilic ligands, and an amyloid-beta chaperone in human cerebrospinal fluid. In thi ...
Lipocalin type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) is a multifunctional protein acting as a somnogen (PGD2)-producing enzyme, an extracellular transporter of various lipophilic ligands, and an amyloid-beta chaperone in human cerebrospinal fluid. In this study, we determined the crystal structures of two different conformers of mouse L-PGDS, one with an open cavity of the beta-barrel and the other with a closed cavity due to the movement of the flexible E-F loop. The upper compartment of the central large cavity contains the catalytically essential Cys65 residue and its network of hydrogen bonds with the polar residues Ser45, Thr67, and Ser81, whereas the lower compartment is composed of hydrophobic amino acid residues that are highly conserved among other lipocalins. SH titration analysis combined with site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the Cys65 residue is activated by its interaction with Ser45 and Thr67 and that the S45A/T67A/S81A mutant showed less than 10% of the L-PGDS activity. The conformational change between the open and closed states of the cavity indicates that the mobile calyx contributes to the multiligand binding ability of L-PGDS.
Structural Biophysics Laboratory, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Harima Institute, Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.