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STRUCTURES OF TERNARY COMPLEXES OF RAT DNA POLYMERASE BETA, A DNA TEMPLATE-PRIMER, AND DDCTP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.9 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structures of ternary complexes of rat DNA polymerase beta, a DNA template-primer, and ddCTP.

Pelletier, H.Sawaya, M.R.Kumar, A.Wilson, S.H.Kraut, J.

(1994) Science 264: 1891-1903

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two ternary complexes of rat DNA polymerase beta (pol beta), a DNA template-primer, and dideoxycytidine triphosphate (ddCTP) have been determined at 2.9 A and 3.6 A resolution, respectively. ddCTP is the triphosphate of dideoxycytidine (ddC), a nucle ...

    Two ternary complexes of rat DNA polymerase beta (pol beta), a DNA template-primer, and dideoxycytidine triphosphate (ddCTP) have been determined at 2.9 A and 3.6 A resolution, respectively. ddCTP is the triphosphate of dideoxycytidine (ddC), a nucleoside analog that targets the reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is at present used to treat AIDS. Although crystals of the two complexes belong to different space groups, the structures are similar, suggesting that the polymerase-DNA-ddCTP interactions are not affected by crystal packing forces. In the pol beta active site, the attacking 3'-OH of the elongating primer, the ddCTP phosphates, and two Mg2+ ions are all clustered around Asp190, Asp192, and Asp256. Two of these residues, Asp190 and Asp256, are present in the amino acid sequences of all polymerases so far studied and are also spatially similar in the four polymerases--the Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I, HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, T7 RNA polymerase, and rat DNA pol beta--whose crystal structures are now known. A two-metal ion mechanism is described for the nucleotidyl transfer reaction and may apply to all polymerases. In the ternary complex structures analyzed, pol beta binds to the DNA template-primer in a different manner from that recently proposed for other polymerase-DNA models.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structure of Rat DNA Polymerase Beta: Evidence for a Common Polymerase Mechanism
      Sawaya, M.R.,Pelletier, H.,Kumar, A.,Wilson, S.H.,Kraut, J.
      (1994) Science 264: 1930


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego 92093-0317.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEIN (DNA POLYMERASE BETA (E.C.2.7.7.7))
A
335Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Polb
EC: 2.7.7.7, 4.2.99.-
Find proteins for P06766 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P06766
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*GP*GP*GP*CP*GP*CP*CP*G)-3')T8N/A
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*CP*GP*GP*CP*GP*CP*C)-3')P7N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DCT
Query on DCT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2',3'-DIDEOXYCYTIDINE 5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C9 H16 N3 O12 P3
ARLKCWCREKRROD-POYBYMJQSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.9 Å
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 94.900α = 90.00
b = 94.900β = 90.00
c = 117.600γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1994-12-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-22
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance