Role of T-loop phosphorylation in PDK1 activation, stability, and substrate binding.Komander, D., Kular, G., Deak, M., Alessi, D.R., van Aalten, D.M.
(2005) J Biol Chem 280: 18797-18802
- PubMed: 15741170
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M500977200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) phosphorylates the T-loop of several AGC (cAMP-dependent, cGMP-dependent, protein kinase C) family protein kinases, resulting in their activation. Previous structural studies have revealed that the ...
3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) phosphorylates the T-loop of several AGC (cAMP-dependent, cGMP-dependent, protein kinase C) family protein kinases, resulting in their activation. Previous structural studies have revealed that the alpha C-helix, located in the small lobe of the kinase domain of PDK1, is a key regulatory element, as it links a substrate interacting site termed the hydrophobic motif (HM) pocket with the phosphorylated Ser-241 in the T-loop. In this study we have demonstrated by mutational analysis that interactions between the phosphorylated Ser-241 and the alpha C-helix are not required for PDK1 activity or substrate binding through the HM-pocket but are necessary for PDK1 to be activated or stabilized by a peptide that binds to this site. The structure of an inactive T-loop mutant of PDK1, in which Ser-241 is changed to Ala, was also determined. This structure, together with surface plasmon resonance binding studies, demonstrates that the PDK1(S241A)-inactive mutant possesses an intact HM-pocket as well as an ordered alpha C-helix. These findings reveal that the integrity of the alpha C-helix and HM-pocket in PDK1 is not regulated by T-loop phosphorylation.
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