Snapshot of Activated G Proteins at the Membrane: The Gq-GRK2-G ComplexTesmer, V.M., Kawano, T., Shankaranarayanan, A., Kozasa, T., Tesmer, J.J.G.
(2005) Science 310: 1686-1690
- PubMed: 16339447
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1118890
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) plays a key role in the desensitization of G protein-coupled receptor signaling by phosphorylating activated heptahelical receptors and by sequestering heterotrimeric G proteins. We report the atomic structure of GRK2 in complex with Galphaq and Gbetagamma, in which the activated Galpha subunit of Gq is fully dissociated from Gbetagamma and dramatically reoriented from its position in the inactive Galphabetagamma heterotrimer. Galphaq forms an effector-like interaction with the GRK2 regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) homology domain that is distinct from and does not overlap with that used to bind RGS proteins such as RGS4.
Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.