2B4Q

Pseudomonas aeruginosa RhlG/NADP active-site complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of RhlG, an Essential beta-Ketoacyl Reductase in the Rhamnolipid Biosynthetic Pathway of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Miller, D.J.Zhang, Y.-M.Rock, C.O.White, S.W.

(2006) J.Biol.Chem. 281: 18025-18032

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M601687200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Rhamnolipids are extracellular biosurfactants and virulence factors secreted by the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa that are required for swarming motility. The rhlG gene is essential for rhamnolipid formation, and the RhlG enzyme ...

    Rhamnolipids are extracellular biosurfactants and virulence factors secreted by the opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa that are required for swarming motility. The rhlG gene is essential for rhamnolipid formation, and the RhlG enzyme is thought to divert fatty acid synthesis intermediates into the rhamnolipid biosynthetic pathway based on its similarity to FabG, the beta-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase of type II fatty acid synthesis. Crystallographic analysis reveals that the overall structures of the RhlG.NADP+ and FabG.NADP+ complexes are indeed similar, but there are key differences related to function. RhlG does not undergo the conformational changes upon NADP(H) binding at the active site that in FabG are the structural basis of negative allostery. Also, the acyl chain-binding pocket of RhlG is narrow and rigid compared with the larger, flexible substrate-binding subdomain in FabG. Finally, RhlG lacks a positively charged/hydrophobic surface feature adjacent to the active site that is found on enzymes like FabG that recognize the ACP of fatty acid synthesis. RhlG catalyzed the NADPH-dependent reduction of beta-ketodecanoyl-ACP to beta-d-hydroxydecanoyl-ACP. However, the enzyme was 2000-fold less active than FabG in carrying out the same reaction. These structural and biochemical studies establish RhlG as a NADPH-dependent beta-ketoacyl reductase of the SDR protein superfamily and further suggest that the ACP of fatty acid synthesis does not carry the substrates for RhlG.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 332 N. Lauderdale Street, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Rhamnolipids biosynthesis 3-oxoacyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] reductase
A, B
276Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rhlG
EC: 1.1.1.100
Find proteins for Q9RPT1 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9RPT1
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 73.138α = 90.00
b = 142.610β = 90.00
c = 95.684γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-24
    Type: Data collection, Refinement description