2AZM

Crystal structure of the MDC1 brct repeat in complex with the histone tail of gamma-H2AX


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.41 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

MDC1 Directly Binds Phosphorylated Histone H2AX to Regulate Cellular Responses to DNA Double-Strand Breaks

Stucki, M.Clapperton, J.A.Mohammad, D.Yaffe, M.B.Smerdon, S.J.Jackson, S.P.

(2005) Cell 123: 1213-1226

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2005.09.038
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2AZM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Histone variant H2AX phosphorylation in response to DNA damage is the major signal for recruitment of DNA-damage-response proteins to regions of damaged chromatin. Loss of H2AX causes radiosensitivity, genome instability, and DNA double-strand-break repair defects, yet the mechanisms underlying these phenotypes remain obscure ...

    Histone variant H2AX phosphorylation in response to DNA damage is the major signal for recruitment of DNA-damage-response proteins to regions of damaged chromatin. Loss of H2AX causes radiosensitivity, genome instability, and DNA double-strand-break repair defects, yet the mechanisms underlying these phenotypes remain obscure. Here, we demonstrate that mammalian MDC1/NFBD1 directly binds to phospho-H2AX (gammaH2AX) by specifically interacting with the phosphoepitope at the gammaH2AX carboxyl terminus. Moreover, through a combination of biochemical, cell-biological, and X-ray crystallographic approaches, we reveal the molecular details of the MDC1/NFBD1-gammaH2AX complex. These data provide compelling evidence that the MDC1/NFBD1 BRCT repeat domain is the major mediator of gammaH2AX recognition following DNA damage. We further show that MDC1/NFBD1-gammaH2AX complex formation regulates H2AX phosphorylation and is required for normal radioresistance and efficient accumulation of DNA-damage-response proteins on damaged chromatin. Thus, binding of MDC1/NFBD1 to gammaH2AX plays a central role in the mammalian response to DNA damage.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute and Department of Zoology, Cambridge University, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QN, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1A, B207Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: MDC1KIAA0170NFBD1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q14676 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q14676 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q14676
PHAROS:  Q14676
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
GAMMA-H2AX HISTONEC, D10N/AMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P16104 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P16104 
Go to UniProtKB:  P16104
PHAROS:  P16104
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
SEP
Query on SEP
C, DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.41 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 67.437α = 90
b = 75.609β = 90
c = 114.849γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-01-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance