Structure of recombinant Ves v 2 at 2.0 Angstrom resolution: structural analysis of an allergenic hyaluronidase from wasp venom.Skov, L.K., Seppala, U., Coen, J.J., Crickmore, N., King, T.P., Monsalve, R., Kastrup, J.S., Spangfort, M.D., Gajhede, M.
(2006) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 62: 595-604
- PubMed: 16699186
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0907444906010687
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Wasp venom from Vespula vulgaris contains three major allergens: Ves v 1, Ves v 2 and Ves v 5. Here, the cloning, expression, biochemical characterization and crystal structure determination of the hyaluronidase Ves v 2 from family 56 of the glycoside hydrolases are reported. The allergen was expressed in Escherichia coli as an insoluble protein and refolded and purified to obtain full enzymatic activity. Three N-glycosylation sites at Asn79, Asn99 and Asn127 were identified in Ves v 2 from a natural source by enzymatic digestions combined with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The crystal structure of recombinant Ves v 2 was determined at 2.0 A resolution and reveals a central (beta/alpha)(7) core that is further stabilized by two disulfide bonds (Cys19-Cys308 and Cys185-Cys197). Based on sequence alignments and structural comparison with the honeybee allergen Api m 2, it is proposed that a conserved cavity near the active site is involved in binding of the substrate. Surface epitopes and putative glycosylation sites have been compared with those of two other major group 2 allergens from Apis mellifera (honeybee) and Dolichovespula maculata (white-faced hornet). The analysis suggests that the harboured allergic IgE-mediated cross-reactivity between Ves v 2 and the allergen from D. maculata is much higher than that between Ves v 2 and the allergen from A. mellifera.
Biostructural Research, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universitetsparken 2, DK-2100, Denmark.