2ARV

Structure of human Activin A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the inhibition of activin signalling by follistatin

Harrington, A.E.Morris-Triggs, S.A.Ruotolo, B.T.Robinson, C.V.Ohnuma, S.Hyvonen, M.

(2006) EMBO J 25: 1035-1045

  • DOI: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7601000
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2ARV, 2ARP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The secreted, multidomain protein follistatin binds activins with high affinity, inhibiting their receptor interaction. We have dissected follistatin's domain structure and shown that the minimal activin-inhibiting fragment of follistatin is comprised of the first and second Fs domains (Fs12) ...

    The secreted, multidomain protein follistatin binds activins with high affinity, inhibiting their receptor interaction. We have dissected follistatin's domain structure and shown that the minimal activin-inhibiting fragment of follistatin is comprised of the first and second Fs domains (Fs12). This protein can bind to activin dimer and form a stable complex containing two Fs12 molecules and one activin dimer. We have solved crystal structures of activin A alone and its complex with Fs12 fragment to 2 A resolution. The complex structure shows how Fs12 molecules wrap around the back of the 'wings' of activin, blocking the type II receptor-binding site on activin A. Arginine 192 in Fs2 is a key residue in this interaction, inserting itself in between activin's fingers. Complex formation imposes a novel orientation for the EGF- and Kazal-like subdomains in the Fs2 domain and activin A shows further variation from the canonical TGF-beta family fold. The structure provides a detailed description of the inhibitory mechanism and gives insights into interactions of follistatin with other TGF-beta family proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Inhibin beta A chainA, B116Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INHBA
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P08476 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P08476 
Go to UniProtKB:  P08476
PHAROS:  P08476
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.218 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.572α = 90
b = 96.247β = 90
c = 118.038γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-03-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance