2AL4

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE GLUR2 LIGAND BINDING CORE (S1S2J) IN COMPLEX WITH quisqualate and CX614.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of positive allosteric modulators acting on AMPA receptors.

Jin, R.Clark, S.Weeks, A.M.Dudman, J.T.Gouaux, E.Partin, K.M.

(2005) J Neurosci 25: 9027-9036

  • DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2567-05.2005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2AL4, 2AL5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ligand-gated ion channels involved in the modulation of synaptic strength are the AMPA, kainate, and NMDA glutamate receptors. Small molecules that potentiate AMPA receptor currents relieve cognitive deficits caused by neurodegenerative diseases such ...

    Ligand-gated ion channels involved in the modulation of synaptic strength are the AMPA, kainate, and NMDA glutamate receptors. Small molecules that potentiate AMPA receptor currents relieve cognitive deficits caused by neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and show promise in the treatment of depression. Previously, there has been limited understanding of the molecular mechanism of action for AMPA receptor potentiators. Here we present cocrystal structures of the glutamate receptor GluR2 S1S2 ligand-binding domain in complex with aniracetam [1-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-2-pyrrolidinone] or CX614 (pyrrolidino-1,3-oxazino benzo-1,4-dioxan-10-one), two AMPA receptor potentiators that preferentially slow AMPA receptor deactivation. Both potentiators bind within the dimer interface of the nondesensitized receptor at a common site located on the twofold axis of molecular symmetry. Importantly, the potentiator binding site is adjacent to the "hinge" in the ligand-binding core "clamshell" that undergoes conformational rearrangement after glutamate binding. Using rapid solution exchange, patch-clamp electrophysiology experiments, we show that point mutations of residues that interact with potentiators in the cocrystal disrupt potentiator function. We suggest that the potentiators slow deactivation by stabilizing the clamshell in its closed-cleft, glutamate-bound conformation.


    Related Citations: 
    • Mechanism of activation and selectivity in a ligand-gated ion channel: structural and functional studies of GluR2 and quisqualate.
      Jin, R., Horning, M., Mayer, M., Gouaux, E.
      (2002) Biochemistry 41: 15635
    • Mechanism of glutamate receptor desensitization.
      Sun, Y., Olson, R., Horning, M., Armstrong, N., Mayer, M., Gouaux, E.
      (2002) Nature 417: 245

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutamate receptor 2ABCDEF263Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Gria2Glur2
Find proteins for P19491 (Rattus norvegicus)
Explore P19491 
Go to UniProtKB:  P19491
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CX6
Query on CX6

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C, E, F
2,3,6A,7,8,9-HEXAHYDRO-11H-[1,4]DIOXINO[2,3-G]PYRROLO[2,1-B][1,3]BENZOXAZIN-11-ONE
C13 H13 N O4
RQEPVMAYUINZRE-GFCCVEGCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
QUS
Query on QUS

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
(S)-2-AMINO-3-(3,5-DIOXO-[1,2,4]OXADIAZOLIDIN-2-YL)-PROPIONIC ACID
C5 H7 N3 O5
ASNFTDCKZKHJSW-REOHCLBHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
QUSKi:  10000   nM  BindingDB
CX6EC50:  21000   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 114.338α = 90
b = 163.722β = 90.03
c = 47.31γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-10-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-08-02
    Changes: Source and taxonomy