2AKE

Structure of human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase in complex with tRNA(Trp)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.270 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase in complex with tRNA(Trp) reveals the molecular basis of tRNA recognition and specificity

Shen, N.Guo, L.Yang, B.Jin, Y.Ding, J.

(2006) Nucleic Acids Res. 34: 3246-3258

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkl441
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are a family of enzymes responsible for the covalent link of amino acids to their cognate tRNAs. The selectivity and species-specificity in the recognitions of both amino acid and tRNA by aaRSs play a vital role in ...

    Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are a family of enzymes responsible for the covalent link of amino acids to their cognate tRNAs. The selectivity and species-specificity in the recognitions of both amino acid and tRNA by aaRSs play a vital role in maintaining the fidelity of protein synthesis. We report here the first crystal structure of human tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase (hTrpRS) in complex with tRNA(Trp) and Trp which, together with biochemical data, reveals the molecular basis of a novel tRNA binding and recognition mechanism. hTrpRS recognizes the tRNA acceptor arm from the major groove; however, the 3' end CCA of the tRNA makes a sharp turn to bind at the active site with a deformed conformation. The discriminator base A73 is specifically recognized by an alpha-helix of the unique N-terminal domain and the anticodon loop by an alpha-helix insertion of the C-terminal domain. The N-terminal domain appears to be involved in Trp activation, but not essential for tRNA binding and acylation. Structural and sequence comparisons suggest that this novel tRNA binding and recognition mechanism is very likely shared by other archaeal and eukaryotic TrpRSs, but not by bacterial TrpRSs. Our findings provide insights into the molecular basis of tRNA specificity and species-specificity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase
A
384Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: WARS (IFI53, WRS)
EC: 6.1.1.2
Find proteins for P23381 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: WARS
Go to UniProtKB:  P23381
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
transfer RNA-TrpB72Bos taurus
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
TRP
Query on TRP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TRYPTOPHAN
C11 H12 N2 O2
QIVBCDIJIAJPQS-VIFPVBQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.270 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 43 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 133.200α = 90.00
b = 133.200β = 90.00
c = 138.300γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
XDSdata reduction
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-07-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Type: Refinement description