NMR structure of gamma herpesvirus 68 a viral Bcl-2 homolog

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 

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A surface groove essential for viral Bcl-2 function during chronic infection in vivo.

Loh, J.Huang, Q.Petros, A.M.Nettesheim, D.van Dyk, L.F.Labrada, L.Speck, S.H.Levine, B.Olejniczak, E.T.Virgin, H.W.

(2005) PLoS Pathog 1: e10-e10

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.0010010
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins inhibit apoptosis in cultured cells by binding BH3 domains of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members via a hydrophobic BH3 binding groove on the protein surface. We investigated the physiological importance of the BH3 binding groove of an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein in mammals in vivo by analyzing a viral Bcl-2 family protein. We show that the gamma-herpesvirus 68 (gammaHV68) Bcl-2 family protein (gammaHV68 v-Bcl-2), which is known to inhibit apoptosis in cultured cells, inhibits both apoptosis in primary lymphocytes and Bax toxicity in yeast. Nuclear magnetic resonance determination of the gammaHV68 v-Bcl-2 structure revealed a BH3 binding groove that binds BH3 domain peptides from proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bak via a molecular mechanism shared with host Bcl-2 family proteins, involving a conserved arginine in the BH3 peptide binding groove. Mutations of this conserved arginine and two adjacent amino acids to alanine (SGR to AAA) within the BH3 binding groove resulted in a properly folded protein that lacked the capacity of the wild-type gammaHV68 v-Bcl-2 to bind Bax BH3 peptide and to block Bax toxicity in yeast. We tested the physiological importance of this v-Bcl-2 domain during viral infection by engineering viral mutants encoding a v-Bcl-2 containing the SGR to AAA mutation. This mutation resulted in a virus defective for both efficient reactivation of gammaHV68 from latency and efficient persistent gammaHV68 replication. These studies demonstrate an essential functional role for amino acids in the BH3 peptide binding groove of a viral Bcl-2 family member during chronic infection.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
bcl-2 homolog136Murid gammaherpesvirus 4Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gamma HV68
Find proteins for P89884 (Murid herpesvirus 4)
Explore P89884 
Go to UniProtKB:  P89884
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP89884
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-05-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2022-03-09
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations