2A7Q

Crystal structure of human dCK complexed with clofarabine and ADP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The structure of human deoxycytidine kinase in complex with clofarabine reveals key interactions for prodrug activation.

Zhang, Y.Secrist, J.A.Ealick, S.E.

(2006) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 62: 133-139

  • DOI: 10.1107/S0907444905034293
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2A7Q

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Clofarabine [2-chloro-9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-amine] is a hybrid of the widely used anticancer drugs cladribine and fludarabine. It is the precursor of an effective chemotherapeutic agent for leukemias and other hematological malignancies and received accelerated approval by the FDA for the treatment of pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia ...

    Clofarabine [2-chloro-9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)-9H-purin-6-amine] is a hybrid of the widely used anticancer drugs cladribine and fludarabine. It is the precursor of an effective chemotherapeutic agent for leukemias and other hematological malignancies and received accelerated approval by the FDA for the treatment of pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Clofarabine is phosphorylated intracellularly by human deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) to the 5'-monophosphate, which is the rate-limiting step in activation of the prodrug. dCK has a broad substrate specificity, with a much higher activity to deoxycytidine than to deoxyadenosine and deoxyguanosine. As a purine-nucleoside analog, clofarabine is a better substrate of dCK than deoxycytidine. The crystal structure of dCK has been solved previously in complex with pyrimidine nucleosides and ADP [Sabini et al. (2003), Nature Struct. Biol. 10, 513-519]. In the current study, the crystal structure of clofarabine- and ADP-bound dCK was solved to 2.55 angstroms by molecular replacement. It appears that the enzyme takes the same conformation as in the structures of the pyrimidine nucleoside-bound complexes. The interactions between 2-Cl and its surrounding hydrophobic residues contribute to the high catalytic efficiency of dCK for clofarabine.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Deoxycytidine kinaseA263Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DCK
EC: 2.7.1.74 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.1.76 (UniProt), 2.7.1.113 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P27707 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P27707 
Go to UniProtKB:  P27707
PHAROS:  P27707
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on ADP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CFB (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on CFB

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]2-CHLORO-9-(2-DEOXY-2-FLUORO-B -D-ARABINOFURANOSYL)-9H-PURIN-6-AMINE
C10 H11 Cl F N5 O3
WDDPHFBMKLOVOX-AYQXTPAHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 80.145α = 90
b = 80.145β = 90
c = 93.669γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-01-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance