Activation of the hetero-octameric ATP phosphoribosyl transferase through subunit interface rearrangement by a tRNA synthetase paralog.Champagne, K.S., Sissler, M., Larrabee, Y., Doublie, S., Francklyn, C.S.
(2005) J.Biol.Chem. 280: 34096-34104
- PubMed: 16051603
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M505041200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
ATP phosphoribosyl transferase (ATP-PRT) joins ATP and 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP) in a highly regulated reaction that initiates histidine biosynthesis. The unusual hetero-octameric version of ATP-PRT includes four HisG(S) catalytic subun ...
ATP phosphoribosyl transferase (ATP-PRT) joins ATP and 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate (PRPP) in a highly regulated reaction that initiates histidine biosynthesis. The unusual hetero-octameric version of ATP-PRT includes four HisG(S) catalytic subunits based on the periplasmic binding protein fold and four HisZ regulatory subunits that resemble histidyl-tRNA synthetases. Here, we present the first structure of a PRPP-bound ATP-PRT at 2.9 A and provide a structural model for allosteric activation based on comparisons with other inhibited and activated ATP-PRTs from both the hetero-octameric and hexameric families. The activated state of the octameric enzyme is characterized by an interstitial phosphate ion in the HisZ-HisG interface and new contacts between the HisZ motif 2 loop and the HisG(S) dimer interface. These contacts restructure the interface to recruit conserved residues to the active site, where they activate pyrophosphate to promote catalysis. Additionally, mutational analysis identifies the histidine binding sites within a region highly conserved between HisZ and the functional HisRS. Through the oligomerization and functional re-assignment of protein domains associated with aminoacylation and phosphate binding, the HisZ-HisG octameric ATP-PRT acquired the ability to initiate the synthesis of a key metabolic intermediate in an allosterically regulated fashion.
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA.