Crystal structure of an acidic phospholipase A2 (BthA-I) from Bothrops jararacussu venom complexed with p-bromophenacyl bromide

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 

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Structure of BthA-I complexed with p-bromophenacyl bromide: possible correlations with lack of pharmacological activity.

Magro, A.J.Takeda, A.A.Soares, A.M.Fontes, M.R.

(2005) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 61: 1670-1677

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0907444905029598
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The crystal structure of an acidic phospholipase A(2) isolated from Bothrops jararacussu venom (BthA-I) chemically modified with p-bromophenacyl bromide (BPB) has been determined at 1.85 Angstroms resolution. The catalytic, platelet-aggregation inhibition, anticoagulant and hypotensive activities of BthA-I are abolished by ligand binding. Electron-density maps permitted unambiguous identification of inhibitor covalently bound to His48 in the substrate-binding cleft. The BthA-I-BPB complex contains three structural regions that are modified after inhibitor binding: the Ca(2+)-binding loop, beta-wing and C-terminal regions. Comparison of BthA-I-BPB with two other BPB-inhibited PLA(2) structures suggests that in the absence of Na(+) ions at the Ca(2+)-binding loop, this loop and other regions of the PLA(2)s undergo structural changes. The BthA-I-BPB structure reveals a novel oligomeric conformation. This conformation is more energetically and conformationally stable than the native structure and the abolition of pharmacological activities by the ligand may be related to the oligomeric structural changes. A residue of the ;pancreatic' loop (Lys69), which is usually attributed as providing the anticoagulant effect, is in the dimeric interface of BthA-I-BPB, leading to a new hypothesis regarding the abolition of this activity by BPB.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP, Distrito de Rubião Jr s/n, Botucatu-SP, Brazil.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
phospholipase A2
A, B
122Bothrops jararacussuMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q8AXY1 (Bothrops jararacussu)
Explore Q8AXY1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8AXY1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ8AXY1
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 41.034α = 90
b = 83.226β = 112.7
c = 45.56γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-03-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2019-11-27
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary
  • Version 2.1: 2023-10-25
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description