1Y95

HIV-1 Dis(Mal) Duplex Pb-Soaked


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A crystallographic study of the binding of 13 metal ions to two related RNA duplexes

Ennifar, E.Walter, P.Dumas, P.

(2003) Nucleic Acids Res 31: 2671-2682

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkg350
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2OIJ, 1NLC, 1O3Z, 1WVD, 1Y6T, 1Y6S, 1Y73, 1Y90, 1Y95

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Metal ions, and magnesium in particular, are known to be involved in RNA folding by stabilizing secondary and tertiary structures, and, as cofactors, in RNA enzymatic activity. We have conducted a systematic crystallographic analysis of cation binding to the duplex form of the HIV-1 RNA dimerization initiation site for the subtype-A and -B natural sequences ...

    Metal ions, and magnesium in particular, are known to be involved in RNA folding by stabilizing secondary and tertiary structures, and, as cofactors, in RNA enzymatic activity. We have conducted a systematic crystallographic analysis of cation binding to the duplex form of the HIV-1 RNA dimerization initiation site for the subtype-A and -B natural sequences. Eleven ions (K+, Pb2+, Mn2+, Ba2+, Ca2+, Cd2+, Sr2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Au3+ and Pt4+) and two hexammines [Co (NH3)6]3+ and [Ru (NH3)6]3+ were found to bind to the DIS duplex structure. Although the two sequences are very similar, strong differences were found in their cation binding properties. Divalent cations bind almost exclusively, as Mg2+, at 'Hoogsteen' sites of guanine residues, with a cation-dependent affinity for each site. Notably, a given cation can have very different affinities for a priori equivalent sites within the same molecule. Surprisingly, none of the two hexammines used were able to efficiently replace hexahydrated magnesium. Instead, [Co (NH3)4]3+ was seen bound by inner-sphere coordination to the RNA. This raises some questions about the practical use of [Co (NH3)6]3+ as a [Mg (H2O)6]2+ mimetic. Also very unexpected was the binding of the small Au3+ cation exactly between the Watson-Crick sites of a G-C base pair after an obligatory deprotonation of N1 of the guanine base. This extensive study of metal ion binding using X-ray crystallography significantly enriches our knowledge on the binding of middleweight or heavy metal ions to RNA, particularly compared with magnesium.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS-UPR 9002, 15 rue René Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg cedex, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar nucleic acids by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
5'-R(*CP*UP*UP*GP*CP*UP*GP*AP*GP*GP*UP*GP*CP*AP*CP*AP*CP*AP*GP*CP*AP*AP*G)-3'A, B23N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.2α = 90
b = 59.2β = 90
c = 65.8γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-12-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance