1XTY

Crystal structure of Sulfolobus solfataricus peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure at 1.8 A resolution and identification of active site residues of Sulfolobus solfataricus peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase.

Fromant, M.Schmitt, E.Mechulam, Y.Lazennec, C.Plateau, P.Blanquet, S.

(2005) Biochemistry 44: 4294-4301

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi047711k
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1XTY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 3-D structure of the peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase from the archaea Sulfolobus solfataricus has been solved at 1.8 A resolution. Homologues of this enzyme are found in archaea and eucarya. Bacteria display a different type of peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase that is also encountered in eucarya ...

    The 3-D structure of the peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase from the archaea Sulfolobus solfataricus has been solved at 1.8 A resolution. Homologues of this enzyme are found in archaea and eucarya. Bacteria display a different type of peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase that is also encountered in eucarya. In solution, the S. solfataricus hydrolase behaves as a dimer. In agreement, the crystalline structure of this enzyme indicates the formation of a dimer. Each protomer is made of a mixed five-stranded beta-sheet surrounded by two groups of two alpha-helices. The dimer interface is mainly formed by van der Waals interactions between hydrophobic residues belonging to the two N-terminal alpha1 helices contributed by two protomers. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments were designed for probing the basis of specificity of the archaeal hydrolase. Among the strictly conserved residues within the archaeal/eucaryal peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase family, three residues, K18, D86, and T90, appear of utmost importance for activity. They are located in the N-part of alpha1 and in the beta3-beta4 loop. K18 and D86, which form a salt bridge, might play a role in the catalysis thanks to their acid and basic functions, whereas the OH group of T90 could act as a nucleophile. These observations clearly distinguish the active site of the archaeal/eucaryal hydrolases from that of the bacterial/eucaryal ones, where a histidine is believed to serve as the catalytic base.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratoire de Biochimie, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7654 CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase ABCD120Saccharolobus solfataricus P2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pthSSO0175
EC: 3.1.1.29
Find proteins for Q980V1 (Saccharolobus solfataricus (strain ATCC 35092 / DSM 1617 / JCM 11322 / P2))
Explore Q980V1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q980V1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.816α = 90
b = 67.232β = 95.08
c = 85.352γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
SOLVEphasing
CNSrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2005-03-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-06-05
    Changes: Structure summary