1WOG

Crystal Structure of Agmatinase Reveals Structural Conservation and Inhibition Mechanism of the Ureohydrolase Superfamily


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of agmatinase reveals structural conservation and inhibition mechanism of the ureohydrolase superfamily

Ahn, H.J.Kim, K.H.Lee, J.Ha, J.-Y.Lee, H.H.Kim, D.Yoon, H.-J.Kwon, A.-R.Suh, S.W.

(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 50505-50513

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M409246200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1WOH, 1WOI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Agmatine is the product of arginine decarboxylation and can be hydrolyzed by agmatinase to putrescine, the precursor for biosynthesis of higher polyamines, spermidine, and spermine. Besides being an intermediate in polyamine metabolism, recent findin ...

    Agmatine is the product of arginine decarboxylation and can be hydrolyzed by agmatinase to putrescine, the precursor for biosynthesis of higher polyamines, spermidine, and spermine. Besides being an intermediate in polyamine metabolism, recent findings indicate that agmatine may play important regulatory roles in mammals. Agmatinase is a binuclear manganese metalloenzyme and belongs to the ureohydrolase superfamily that includes arginase, formiminoglutamase, and proclavaminate amidinohydrolase. Compared with a wealth of structural information available for arginases, no three-dimensional structure of agmatinase has been reported. Agmatinase from Deinococcus radiodurans, a 304-residue protein, shows approximately 33% of sequence identity to human mitochondrial agmatinase. Here we report the crystal structure of D. radiodurans agmatinase in Mn(2+)-free, Mn(2+)-bound, and Mn(2+)-inhibitor-bound forms, representing the first structure of agmatinase. It reveals the conservation as well as variation in folding, oligomerization, and the active site of the ureohydrolase superfamily. D. radiodurans agmatinase exists as a compact homohexamer of 32 symmetry. Its binuclear manganese cluster is highly similar but not identical to the clusters of arginase and proclavaminate amidinohydrolase. The structure of the inhibited complex reveals that inhibition by 1,6-diaminohexane arises from the displacement of the metal-bridging water.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
agmatinase
A, B, C, D, E, F
305Deinococcus radiodurans (strain ATCC 13939 / DSM 20539 / JCM 16871 / LMG 4051 / NBRC 15346 / NCIMB 9279 / R1 / VKM B-1422)N/A
Find proteins for Q9RZ04 (Deinococcus radiodurans (strain ATCC 13939 / DSM 20539 / JCM 16871 / LMG 4051 / NBRC 15346 / NCIMB 9279 / R1 / VKM B-1422))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9RZ04
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
16D
Query on 16D

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
HEXANE-1,6-DIAMINE
1,6-DIAMINOHEXANE
C6 H16 N2
NAQMVNRVTILPCV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 81.769α = 90.00
b = 131.436β = 90.00
c = 168.854γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2004-09-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance